The pristine glory of Silent Valley National Park is something you must definitely experience if you are in God's Own Country 'Kerala.' Located in the Northeastern corner of Palakkad District, this unique preservation of tropical evergreen rain forests is one of the most precious gifts of nature to mankind. Spread across an area of 90 s.q km, this magnificent forest gets higher to the Nilgiri Plateau in the North and overlooks the plains of Mannarkkad in the South.
This extremely beautiful and fragile forest is a home to amazing flora and fauna, some of which are found nowhere else in the world. The rich biodiversity attracts a large number of tourists, professional scientists, field biologists, and nature lovers from around the world, to explore the core of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and to witness the beautiful collection of flora, available here.
The Silent Valley National Park is closed from all sides with high ridges and steep escarpments and it remains an ecological island with a unique micro climate. One of the prime attractions of this park is the Kunathi River, which descends from the Nilgiri Hills above an altitude of 2000 m and travels through the valley, rushing down to the plains through a deep ravine. The crystal clear water of this river serves fresh water to the animals living in the forest and helps in maintaining the ecosystem of the jungle.
Flora and Fauna
Blessed with so many natural wonders, the Silent Valley National Park is a treasure trove for many botanists and professional scientists. It has more than 1000 species of flowering plants, including 107 species of orchids, 100 ferns, 200 liverworts, 75 lichens and about 200 algae. The faunal diversity of this jungle includes 34 species of mammals, 292 species of birds, 31 species of reptiles, 22 species of amphibians, 13 species of fishes, and 500 species of butterflies & moths
There are 200 species of birds sighted and identified in the valley, including Nilgiri Wood Pigeon, Blue winged Parakeet, Greyheaded Bulbul, White bellied tree pie, Rufous Babbler, Wayanad Laughing Thrush, Broad tailed Grass Warbler, Black and Orange Flycatcher, White bellied Blue Flycatcher, Small Sunbird, and more.