Wildlife Sanctuaries & National Parks in India

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The wildlife of India is diverse and its national parks and biosphere reserves are home to many endangered wildlife species like Royal Bengal Tigers and Red Panda, the vulnerable one-horned Rhinoceros and Snow Leopards, and critically endangered Great Indian Bustard, among many other species of flora and fauna. India boasts 104 national parks, 551 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 131 Marine Protected Areas, 18 Biosphere Reserves, 88 Conservation Reserves and 127 Community Reserves, covering a total of 1,65,088.57 sq km. In total, there are 870 Protected Areas which make 5.06% of the geographical area of the country.

The oldest national park in India is Corbett National Park. Sprawling in the foothills of the Himalayas in Uttarakhand, this national park was established in 1936. It is spread in 520.82 sq km area, and is home to a rich flora and fauna, including the Royal Bengal Tigers. India's first biosphere reserve was established in 1986 and is called Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. This reserve includes Wayanad, Nagarhole, Bandipur and Mudumalai, Nilambur, Silent Valley protected areas situated in Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka. The Great Rann of Kutch, with an area of 12454 sq km, is the largest biosphere reserve in India. On the other hand, with an area of 4400 sq km, Hemis National Park in Ladakh is the largest national park in India.

Popular National Parks in India

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Popular Wildlife Tour Packages

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13 Nights - 14 Days
India Tiger Tour
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9 Nights - 10 Days
Golden Triangle with Tigers
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13 Nights - 14 Days
Rhino & Tigers Tour
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10 Nights - 11 Days
Tiger Safari Expedition
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9 Nights - 10 Days
Tiger Photography
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7 Nights - 8 Days
Corbett Safari
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13 Nights - 14 Days
North India Birding
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7 Nights - 8 Days
MP Wildlife Safari
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4 Nights - 5 Days
Kaziranga Wildlife Safari
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6 Nights - 7 Days
Gir Lion Safari Tour

India National Parks Tiger Reserve & Wildlife Guide

There are around 104 national parks in India spread across the country's length and breadth. These wildlife parks are home to a variety of animals and birds, and some of them are the safe shelters for unique and threatened animals like one-horned rhinos and Royal Bengal Tiger.

List of Famous National Parks in India
State/Union Territory Total National Parks National Park Name Establishment Year
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 9 Campbell Bay National Park 1992
Galathea Bay National Park 1992
Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) National Park 1982
Middle Button Island National Park 1987
Mount Harriett National Park 1987
North Button Island National Park 1987
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park 1996
Saddle Peak National Park 1987
South Button Island National Park 1987
Andhra Pradesh 3 Papikonda National Park 2008
Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) National Park 2005
Sri Venkateswara National Park 1989
Arunachal Pradesh 2 Mouling National Park 1986
Namdapha National Park 1983
Assam 5 Dibru-Saikhowa National Park 1999
Kaziranga National Park 1974
Manas National Park 1990
Nameri National Park 1998
Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park 1999
Bihar 1 Valmiki National Park 1989
Chhattisgarh 3 Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park 1981
Indravati (Kutru) National Park 1982
Kanger Valley National Park 1982
Goa 1 Mollem National Park 1992
Gujarat 4 Vansda National Park 1979
Blackbuck (Velavadar) National Park 1976
Gir National Park 1975
Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) National Park 1982
Haryana 2 Kalesar National Park 2003
SultaNational Parkur National Park 1989
Himachal Pradesh 5 Great Himalayan National Park 1984
Inderkilla National Park 2010
Khirganga National Park 2010
Pin Valley National Park 1987
Simbalbara National Park 2010
Jammu and Kashmir 4 City Forest (Salim Ali) National Park 1992
Dachigam National Park 1981
Kishtwar National Park 1981
Jharkhand 1 Betla National Park 1986
Karnataka 5 Anshi National Park 1987
Bandipur National Park 1974
Bannerghatta National Park 1974
Kudremukh National Park 1987
Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) National Park 1988
Kerala 6 Anamudi Shola National Park 2003
Eravikulam National Park 1978
Mathikettan Shola National Park 2003
Pambadum Shola National Park 2003
Periyar National Park 1982
Silent Valley National Park 1984
Madhya Pradesh 9 Bandhavgarh National Park 1968
Fossil National Park 1983
Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park 1975
Kanha National Park 1955
Madhav National Park 1959
Panna National Park 1981
Sanjay National Park 1981
Satpura National Park 1981
Van Vihar National Park 1979
Maharashtra 6 Chandoli National Park 2004
Gugamal National Park 1975
Nawegaon National Park 1975
Pench (Jawaharlal Nehru) National Park 1975
Sanjay Gandhi (Borivali) National Park 1983
Tadoba National Park 1955
Manipur 1 Keibul-Lamjao National Park 1977
Meghalaya 2 Balphakram National Park 1985
Nokrek Ridge National Park 1986
Mizoram 2 Murlen National Park 1991
Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park 1992
Nagaland 1 Intanki National Park 1993
Odisha 2 Bhitarkanika National Park 1988
Simlipal National Park 1980
Rajasthan 5 Mukundra Hills National Park 2006
Desert National Park 1992
Keoladeo Ghana National Park 1981
Ranthambhore National Park 1980
Sariska National Park 1992
Sikkim 1 Khangchendzonga National Park 1977
Tamil Nadu 5 Guindy National Park 1976
Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park 1980
Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) National Park 1989
Mudumalai National Park 1990
Mukurthi National Park 1990
Ladakh 1 Hemis National Park 1981
Telangana 3 Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park 1994
Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali National Park 1994
Mrugavani National Park 1994
Tripura 2 Clouded Leopard National Park 2007
Bison (Rajbari) National Park 2007
Uttar Pradesh 1 Dudhwa National Park 1977
Uttarakhand 6 Corbett National Park 1936
Gangotri National Park 1989
Govind National Park 1990
Nanda Devi National Park 1982
Rajaji National Park 1983
Valley of Flowers National Park 1982
West Bengal 6 Buxa National Park 1992
Gorumara National Park 1992
Jaldapara National Park 2014
Neora Valley National Park 1986
Singalila National Park 1986
Sunderban National Park 1984
List of Popular Tiger Reserve in India

Launched by the Government of India in 1973, Project Tiger aimed to safeguard the endangered species of tigers in the country. Notable Tiger Reserves in India include:

Best Wildlife Sanctuaries to Visit by Season

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Top National Parks to Visit in Summer

Summer (April - May) is the best time to visit the Indian national parks and tiger reserves for an exhilarating wildlife photography experience. In destinations like Corbett, Ranthambore, Bandhavgarh, Kanha, and Panna, the summer temperature and climate create the perfect conditions for wildlife sightings, especially tiger photography. These renowned national parks in India not only offer respite from the scorching heat but also provide a unique opportunity to witness diverse flora and fauna.

Top National Parks to Visit in Monsoon

While many national parks close during the monsoon season (July to September) for safety reasons, some, like Corbett and Ranthambore, partially open their gates for safari. Periyar in Kerala, Valley of National Parks in Uttarakhand, and Hemis National Park in Ladakh, offer a unique monsoon experience, with lush greenery, cascading waterfalls, and vibrant wildlife. Witness the magic of nature as it comes alive during the rains, making these destinations ideal for an offbeat monsoon adventure. Embrace the tranquility and verdant landscapes while exploring the distinct beauty of these selected national parks that welcome visitors even when the heavens open.

Top National Parks to Visit in Winter

The winter season (October to March) marks the peak of wildlife tourism as all national parks and tiger reserves open their gates. This period is ideal for jungle safaris, offering the best chance to witness diverse fauna in their natural habitats. Coveted parks like Corbett, Ranthambore, Kanha, Bandhavgarh, Kaziranga, Gir Forest, and Tadoba become havens for wildlife enthusiasts. Embrace the crisp air and the thrill of spotting majestic creatures against the winter landscapes, making it the perfect time to embark on an unforgettable wildlife adventure in some of the most visited and cherished national parks across India.

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Best Time to Visit
Indian National Parks

Most of the national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in India are open between October and June. In the monsoon season, most of the wildlife reserves close down between July and September. The best time to visit the national parks in India are between October and March, when the weather is pleasant in most parts of the country. The average winter temperature in India ranges between 0℃ - 20℃ in North, Northwest, Northeast, and Central India, and 18℃ - 25℃ in South India. There are some national parks in India that remain open/partially open in the monsoon season.

Explore National Parks by States

Explore Wildlife Tours by National Park

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Frequently Asked Questions

Quick Answers to Some Frequently Asked Questions
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As per the latest data of Tiger Census Report 2022, India is home to 3,167 tigers approx.

India has 104 national parks and 551 wildlife sanctuaries in India as of 2018-19.

  • North India: Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand, Ranthambhore National Park in Rajasthan
  • East & Northeast India: Kaziranga National Park in Assam, Sunderban National Park in West Bengal, Kanha,
  • Central India: Bandhavgarh, Pench, and Panna national parks in Madhya Pradesh
  • South India: Bandipur National Park in Karnataka, Periyar National Park in Kerala
  • West India: Tadoba National Park in Maharashtra