is a large, populous and economically important state. The Lands
of Caves, Forts and Temples Mumbai is the capital of the Maharashtra
State, India's fourth largest State, but it does not reflect
the spirit of Maharashtra. The city is Maharashtra's avaricious heart, its soul lies in the interior of the
State in cites like Pune, Kolhapur and Nagpur. Mumbai contains a
cross section of the people of India it is like a mini India. If
you walk in Mumbai, you will hear a babble of languages you cannot
understand, but all Mumbities communicate in their Mumbai Hindi.From
Mumbai most travellers head south to the beaches of Goa, south-east
to Pune and its famous ashram, or north-east to the World Heritage-listed
cave temples of Ajanta & Ellora.
Mughal power dominated much of central and southern India in the
16th century until the Deccan became the epicentre of the Maratha
empire in the 17th century. With a relatively small army, Shivaji
established a base at Pune and later Raigad. From the early 18th
century the the Maratha empire was controlled by the Peshwas who
retained power until they upset the British in 1817.
also has a strong links with Gandhi & India's Independence.
Gandhi was interned by british in Pune for two years after the Quit
India declaration, and his ashram is at Sevagram in the state's
far east. After Independence, western Maharashtra
and Gujarat were joined to form Bombay state. Today's state, with
Mumbai as capital, was formed in 1960 when the Marathi and Gujrati-speaking
areas were again separated.
at a Glance
Population: 78.9 million.
Area: 307,690 sq. km
Main Language: Marathi.
Best Time to Go: September to April (coast); September to mid-June (hills)