has a glorious past, a vibrant culture, a rich tapestry of history,
and natural bounty in the form of blue beaches and clear skies,
Tamil Nadu is a tourist's dream come true. One can enjoy on the
Marina beach, go cruising in the theme parks, or let the mind search
for peace in the midst of magnificent temples. Alternatively, one
can relish the mouth-watering dosas, savor the refreshing filter
coffee, or enjoy the Bharatnatyam performances. Tamil Nadu is not
about the past only, but it has set it's site on the future. The
state is developing rapidly on all the fronts whether it is economy,
social, human resource, culture, and so on. Tamil Nadu is one of
the top three Indian states which receive highest foreign investment
in the sectors like automobiles, information technology, power,
telecommunication, and others. On the social front, the state has
a high per capita income, there is easy availability of social resources
to people, and it produces quite a large number of trained manpower
to increase the productivity. No wonder that the past and present
in Tamil Nadu has a harmonious coexistence.
of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu was ruled by three major dynasties-the Cholas in
the east, the Pandyas in the central area and Cheras in the west.
This was during the Sangam Age-the classical period of Tamil literature-that
continued for some 300 years after the birth of Christ. The Pallava
dynasty was influential particularly in the 7th and 8th centuries,
testimonies to which are the monuments at Mamallapuram. In the 13th
century, with threats of Muslim invasions from the north, the southern
Hindu dynasties combined and the empire of Vijayanagar, which covered
all of South India, was firmly established. However, by the 17th
century, due to the disintegration of the Vijayanagar Empire, various
small rulers like the Nayaks ruled southern India.
the middle of the 18th century, there were frequent conflicts between
the British, French, Danes, and Dutch due to their interest in these
areas. The British were finally victorious, while small pockets
like Pondicherry and Karaikal remained under French control. Under
the British rule, most of south India was integrated into the region
called the Madras Presidency. In 1956, the Madras Presidency was
disbanded and Tamil Nadu was established.
Area: 1,30,058 sq. km
Population: 62, 110, 139
Religion: Hinduism (88.67%), Islam (5.46%), Others (5.87%)
Annual Rainfall: 1,133.8 mm
Temperature :Maximum 45.2°C ,Minimum 1.0°C
Languages: Tamil, English
Literacy rate: 73.47%
Best Time To Visit: October to March
By Air: The Anna International Airport, 16 km south of Chennai,
has flights to/from Sri Lanka, Dubai, Germany, Jakarta, Malaysia,
England, Maldives, Saudi Arabia, and Singapore. Most major Indian
cities are also connected to Chennai by regular domestic flights.
By Rail: The railway station at Chennai has connecting trains
to/from all major cities in India. The reservation office is on
the first floor of the reservation complex next to the railway station.
Road: The bus terminals in Chennai are on either side of Prakasham
Road in George Town, near the High Court Building.