UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

The Red Fort (Lal Quila), Delhi

Built in: 1648

Red Fort (Lal Quila), Delhi

Year of Inscription: 2007

Reasons for Inscription: Criteria number (2), (3), and (6). The Red Fort exhibits the outstanding architectural brilliance of the Mughal Era. The Red Fort has been an emblem of supremacy since the rule of Shah Jahan. It has witnessed the transformations in Indian history including the rule of the British. The Red Fort was the spot where the independence of India was first celebrated.

Category: Secular structure, Military / Fortifications

The Red Fort, constructed by the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan, is one of the best works of art the Mughal Rulers presented to India. This magnificent edifice is also known as Lal Quila.

Brief Information The Red Fort is located on the western bank of Yamuna. It is surrounded by a wall of around 2.4 kilometers in circumference; the elevation of the wall varies from 18 meters on the bank of the river and 33 meters to the corner of city. The fort, in fact, replicates the splendor of the Mughal epoch, equally in terms of art and architecture.

The first Prime Minister of free India, Jawahar Lal Nehru, hoisted the national flag of India at the Red Fort on 15th August 1947. With this, the declaration of India as an independent and free nation was made. This presented a change in the significance of this fort from a historic to a national monument.

This fascinating monument boasts imposing audience halls, a bazaar where the royal family used to shop, marble fortresses, which were once dotted with valuable gems, baths, plazas, and a mosque. The edifice has undergone many modifications from the time when it was erected. The Red Fort comprises many heritage components of the Mughal Era. These components occupy one third of the entire area. Moreover, there are a number of heritage constructions of the British era. Imitating the sumptuousness of the Mughal age, there are 15 different arresting constructions within the fort. These structures embrace the Deewan-e-Khaas, Deewan-e-aam, Lahore Gate, Naqqar Khana, Chatta Chowk, etc.

How to Reach

By Air: New Delhi Airport (18 kms) is the nearest airport from the Red Fort.

By Train: Delhi Railway Station (2 kms) is the nearest railhead.

By Road: Delhi is well connected with all major Indian states like Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, etc.

Timings: 9 AM to 7 PM

Closed: Monday