Tag : Cultural UNESCO World Heritage Site
Year of Inscription : 1987
Reasons for Inscription : As per the criteria no (ix) and (x), Sundarbans was included in the list of World Heritage Site. The most unique part of Sundarbans relates to the fact that it is the largest mangrove forest in the world with a large concentration of Royal Bengal Tigers. Some 78 species of mangroves are recorded across the forest. It also plays a vital role in the survival of marine organisms as it works as a wetland nursery to them.
Category : Natural landscape, River / Lake
Timing : Anytime between 7 am to 5 pm
Closed On : Null
The pride of West Benga, India, Sundarbans covers an area of around 10,000km2 in the delta of Ganges. It lies on the south-east of Kolkata and borders the Bay of Bengal. This wonderful biosphere reserve houses many rare and endangered animals including aquatic mammals, tigers, birds and reptiles. Sundarbans is mainly located at the confluence of Ganga and Brahmaputra basin in between India and Bangladesh. While the major portion of Sundarbans falls in the Indian territory, a small portion lies in Bangladesh as well which makes it a significant natural wonder of both the countries.
The mangrove forest supports the tiger population, which happens to be the largest in the world. The tigers are largely adapted to an amphibious life.
They can swim and run very fast and live on fish, crab and water monitor lizards. Other than tigers, Sundarban also houses wonderful variety of aquatic mammals such as Ganges dolphin, finless porpoise, Indo-Pacific humpbacked dolphin, and Irrawaddy dolphin. Significant varieties of waterbirds are found in Sajnakhali area of Sundarban. The variety includes various indigenous species like black-necked stork, Asian open-bill stork, white ibis, greater adjutant, white-collared kingfisher, swamp francolin, black-capped kingfisher and brown-winged kingfisher. Wader, a rare winter migrant and marsh bird is found in this area.
No matter what mode of transport you choose, to reach Sundarban you have to take a boat ride. However, as the destination is located at a short distance from the metro city Kolkata, it can be reached easily by all modes of transport from different corners of the country.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Airport at Kolkata is the nearest airport to Sundarban. Both domestic as well as international tourists can disembark here to reach Sundarban.
Canning is the nearest railway station to the Sundarban. Local trains run from Sealdah Station throughout the day. From Canning, get into the buses running towards Raidighi, Namkhana, Najat, and Sonakhali from where motorboat services are available for Sundarban.
The travelers need to first reach Kolkata and then they can travel on a bus from Esplanade (Kolkata) or Howrah.