The 'Pink City' of Jaipur was named after Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II who founded the city on November 18, 1727. Jaipur along with Delhi and Agra forms the India's Golden Triangle. Which is the most popular tourist circuit in India. This capital of Rajasthan is also a gateway to other tourist places like Ajmer, Pushkar, Chittorgarh, Udaipur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Mount Abu in the state.
A great scholar, astrologer and architect himself, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh under the expert guidance of Vidyadhar Bhattacharya founded the city on November 8, 1727 and shifted his capital from Amer. The main reason of this shift is scarcity of water for the growing population. Jaipur is a duly planned city and based on Vastu and Shilpa shastra. The city took near about 4 years to complete and during this period huge fortifications and gates were built for security reasons. As a welcome gesture the city was painted in pink colour during the visit of Prince of Wales, Edward VII, thus getting the popular name of 'Pink City'. Jaipur is a popular travel destination in Rajasthan as there are various things to see, do and enjoy while you are here. Popular tourism places are famous monuments like Amer Fort, Jaigarh Fort, Nahargarh Fort, Hawa Mahal, Jantar Mantar and City Palace, each of which has its own mighty history to narrate. They showcase high level of Mughal, Rajput and European style of architecture. And Amer Fort and Jantar Mantar are World Heritage Sites now.
If you are religious, visiting sightseeing places like Galtaji, Govind Devji Temple, Birla Temple and Moti Dungri seems a good idea. The other tourist attractions are Kanak Vrindavan Garden, Sisodia Rani Bagh and Vidyadhar Garden which are worth seeing during spring and autumn season. Jaipur is also famous for its delicious Dal Baati Churma, Gatte ki Sabzi, Ker Sangri, Missi Roti and Bajre ki Roti with lots of pure ghee. Ghevar, Moong Dal Halwa, Mawa Kachori and Gajak are quite popular amongst the people with a sweet tooth. Your Jaipur Tour will remain incomplete without buying Rajasthani dress material, camel leather items, jewelry, handicrafts items and Jaipuri carpets and rajaiyan in this 'shopper's paradise'. Some of the best festivals that you should not miss while being in Jaipur are Gangaur Festival (March and April), Teej festival, Kite festival (January), Elephant Festival, Sitla mata fair, Diwali, Raksha Bandhan, and Dussehra.