Built In: 1928
Year of Inscription: 1985
Reason for Inscription : Criteria number (7), (9) and (10). For not only the profuse biodiversity, but this wildlife sanctuary is also renowned for its spectacular panorama. The river system of Manas-Beki is a significant system connecting to Brahmaputra River. Moreover, this protected area gives a suitable habitat to 22 most threatened mammal species of India.
Category: Wildlife habitat and Fauna.
Manas National Park, situated in the foothills of Himalaya at about 176-kilometer distance from Guwahati in Assam, is an abode to some of the most astounding wildlife species. Not only a National Park, it is also tiger reserve, a wildlife sanctuary and a Biosphere reserve.
Manas National Park was a hunting ground for Raja of Gauripur as well as the royal family of Cooch Behar.
The region was separated into two reserves i.e. North Kamrup Reserve Forest and Manas Reserve Forest, before being declared as a wildlife sanctuary. On 1stOctober these two reserved woods were amalgamated into a sole wildlife sanctuary. In the year 1955, the area of this protected expanse was enlarged to 391 sq.kms from its previous extent of 360 sq. km.
In 1990, the Panbari Reserve Forest, Kokilabari Reserve Forest and Kahitama Reserve Forest were added as a part of Manas National Park. In the same year this park was declared as the National Park
The name this park is taken from Manas River that streams through the western side of the national park. Expanding to the expanse of 950 sq. kms, this sanctuary acts as a core region of ChirangRipo Elephant Reserve.
This national park is a must visit place for all the wildlife freaks, who are in quench of witnessing wilderness in its own habitat. It boasts of an immense assortment of flora and fauna incorporating elephant, rhinoceros and tigers. This park is also a preferred habitat for golden Langur, red panda and many of such exotic fauna species including 55 types of mammals.
Manas National Park draws several amazing bird species. These avifauna species comprise greater adjutant, Bengal florican, wreathed hornbill, great pied hornbill and many more. More than half of the protected region is blanketed with deciduous woods and grasslands. Due to the fact that this sanctuary is situated on the banks of the river Manas, the park boasts an opulent species of aquatic animals.
How to Reach
By Air : The nearest airport is in Guwahati (176 kms). There are taxis available for the park from Guwahati airport.
By Train: The nearest railway station is at Barpeta Road (44 kms). However, Guwahati Railway Station is the best option as it is an imperative station of Assam and there are trains available to Guwahati from all the major cities of the country.
By Road: There are buses and taxis available from Guwahati. Guwahati (175 kms) is the nearest main transit center. NH-31 connects the Manas Tiger reserve to Guwahati.
Timings : 5:30 AM to 6:30 PM
Closed : July to September.