Built in: Early 18th Century
Year of Inscription: 2010
Reasons for Inscription: Criteria number (3) and (4). Jantar Mantar is an amazing example of observing universe, beliefs and societies together. It comprises the instruments that are largest of their category. It signifies the technical brilliance of the medieval world.
Category: Secular structure, Educational
Jantar Mantar, situated at Jaipur, is the largest stone observatory in the globe. Jantar Mantar is one of the five astronomical observatories constructed by the founder of Jaipur- Maharaja Jai Singh. The name 'Jantar Mantar' is taken from the Yantra Manta, a Sanskrit word that refers to instruments and formulae. The 'Yantra Mantra' factually denotes 'Magical Device'.
An Overview Maharaja Jai Singh was a reputed astronomer. Emperor Muhammad Shah commissioned him to rectify the astronomical tables and to validate the data available on the positions of the planets. Jai Singh then built Jantar Mantar in seven years. This edifice was restored in the year 1901 and was declared as a national monument in the year 1948.
The fascinating structure Jantar Mantar is completely made up of marble and stone. There are in total fourteen geometric devices in this observatory. These devices are used for computing the time of the day, predicting eclipses, the position of constellations, and the heights of celestial bodies. These geometric devices are bit complex to understand but they are mainly used to calculating the time is the major purpose. For instance, Samrat Yantra is a sundial, which can tell the time with an accuracy of only two-second difference from the local time of Jaipur. This Samrat Yantra is 27.4 meters in height and used to forecast the commencement of monsoon on Guru Purnima, even today. The observatories of Jantar Mantar have enthralled the astronomers, historians, artists and architects from all over the globe.
How to Get There:
By Air: Jaipur International Airport (12 kms) is the nearest airport.
By Rail: Jaipur Railway Station (5 kms) is the nearest railhead.
By Road: Jaipur is well connected with the major cities like New Delhi, Agra, Kota, Mumbai, Bikaner and Baran.
Timings : 9:00 AM to 4:30 PM