Tag : Cultural UNESCO World Heritage Site
Built In : 8th Century
Year of Inscription : 1987
Reasons for Inscription : As per the criteria no (iii) and (iv) Monuments at Pattadakal were announced as World Heritage Site. Despite being a specimen of the great Chalukya architectural style, the monuments here exhibit unique blend of Dravidian as well as Indo-Aryan style of architecture. The temples found in Pattadakal are designed with a mixture of architectural designs starting from Nagara, Rekha, Prasada, and the Dravida Vimana styles of temple building.
Category : Archaeological site, South (East) Asian Religious structure, Hindu.
Situated in Bijapur district of Karnataka, Pattadakal earns fame for its ancient Indian group of buildings which was a holy place for royal coronation. Location and natural backdrop of this temple complex is praiseworthy and changes the overall set up of the temples. Malaprabha River is located to the north of this complex, whereas a small village is situated to the south what transform Pattadakal to a sort of holy city.
The city houses a series of eight Hindu temples dedicated to Lord Siva which were built for the royal worshipping purpose of Chalukya Dynasty. All of these temples are in architectural splendor.
The Sangamesvara temple is known to be the oldest temple in Pattadakal. Inspired by the style of Rekha Nagara Prasada, Galaganatha temple was built between 8th and 9th century.
Following the architectural magnificence of the buildings set in early Chalukyan style, the Kasivisvesvara temple was built. The Mallikarjuna temple was built to celebrate the victory of Vikramaditya II over the Pallavas. It was commissioned by Rani Trilokyamahadevi who also constructed the Virupaksha temple inspired by the style of Kailasanatha temple at Kanchipuram.
Bengaluru is the gateway to Pattadakal. It is well connected with all major cities of the country.
Nearest domestic airport to Pattadakal is Belgaum whereas, Bengaluru is the nearest international airport.
Badami is the nearest rail head to Pattadakal. Private cabs are available on hire.
Buses to Pattadakal are available from all major cities like Bengaluru, Belgaum, Bijapur, and Hubli.