UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus

Built in: 1887

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus

Year of Inscription: 2004

Reasons for Inscription: Criteria number (2) and (4). Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus puts on display an imperative exchange of influences, from Gothic Revival architecture of Italy, and from traditional Indian buildings. It is an exceptional example of railway architecture in the British Commonwealth in the 19th century.

Category: Human activity, Transport and Trade

Once known as 'Victoria Terminus', Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a heritage sight considered to be a landmark in the station architecture all around the globe. This terminus, designed by FW Stevens, is a lovely blend of western and eastern architecture at their best.

Brief Information Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was established to mark Queen Victoria's Jubilee Day. She was also the then Empress of India. The distinctiveness of this terminus lies in its Gothic cathedral style, its structural synchronization and its outline strategy. It exemplifies a blissful intermingling of Gothic, Sarcenic, Venetian, and Indo-Islamic traditions. The best of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is that it lures even the non-travelers.

It took around ten years to complete the building. The construction started in the year 1878. It was planned according the design of High Victorian Gothic that was an Italian model of late medieval period. Its extraordinarily pointed arches, stone dome, unconventional ground plans and turrets are similar to the traditional architecture of Indian palaces. Chhatrapati Shivaji terminus is a remarkable illustration of the merger of two cultures. The British architects operated with Indian artisans to building a different architechtural style unique to Mumbai (Bombay).

How to Reach

By Air: Mumbai Airport (19 kms) is the nearest airport.

By Train: Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is well connected to major railway stations of India such as Delhi, Vadodara, Ahmadabad, etc.

By Road: There are auto rickshaws, buses, etc available from each corner of Mumbai.