Pench National Park is placed in Chhindwara and Seoni districts of Madhya Pradesh (India). The name is derived from the Pench River, flows through the National Park. The river flows from north to south that divides the park into equal eastern and western halves-the well woody areas of both districts. The park has several species of animals among which wild guars, tigers, leopard, monkeys and deer, etc., are easily observed. The park is nearby from Pauni on National Highway 7 and very close to Maharashtra & Nagpur. There are two famous gates for tourist entry, which is named as Turiya and Karmajhiri.
Pench National Park was stated as a sanctuary in 1977, but in 1983, it elicited to the status of National Park. Later in the year 1992, it was recognized as PenchTiger Reserve, which covers 758 sq. km of area and the Pench National Park form the centre zone of the Reserve that covers 292.85 sq. km, and the Mowgli Pench Wildlife Sanctuary covers 118.30 sq. km of areas. A Buffer Zone formed by Reserve Forests, Revenue land and Protected Forests occupies 346.73 sq. km.
Pench National Park has splendid history. The depiction of its magnificence and natural wealth occurs in Ain-i-Akbari (Constitution of Akbar), which was a 16th century document written by Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak (the Emperor Akbar’s vizier), recording the Akbar’s administration empire. Pench has inspired Rudyard Kipling to write the popular novel ‘The Jungle Book’. Above all, third part special Tiger of BBC ‘Spy in the Jungle’ was also filmed in Pench National Park, which was based on the growing of four Tigers in Pench.
Wildlife in Park
Pench National Park is very rich in fauna and it’s an abode to a large number of endangered species. The most dominant predator is Tiger and there are around 25 of them in these prey-rich woodlands. There are some other predators like dhol (Indian Wild Dog), leopard, hyena, wolf, jackal and jungle cat. Some prey species observed in the park are sambhar, chital, gaur, muntjac, langur, wild boar, and rhesus macaques. Commonly seen species are herd of deer.
There are more than 170 species of birds comprising various migratory ones like peafowl, crow pheasant, junglefowl, red-vented bulbul, crimson-breasted barbet, magpie robin, lesser whistling teal, racket-tailed drongo, egret, pintail, shoveler, herons to name a few.
As per the study in the year 1, 25 tigers were found under the umbrella of the park along with 39 mammals, 13 reptiles, and 3 amphibians. Aside from mammals and other land-based flora & fauna, the park is also rich in bird life. As per the evaluation of the wildlife authorities, 210 species of birds was observed in this park like munias, barbets, minivets orioles, bulbul, waterfowls, wagtails, mynas, and blue kingfishers.
Flora in Park
The park is blessed with rich and verdant forests, spread throughout the area of the National Park. Southern dry broadleaf teak forests are there, which blend with tropical mixed deciduous forests. The flora in Pench includes different kinds of shrubs, climbers and tress. It has some uncommon varieties of herbs with medicinal properties that are mentioned below:
Flora in Pench National Park
Wilflowers in Pench
|IXConvolvulaceae||Little Glory||Evolvus alsinioides|
|Hedge Glory||Ipomea camea|
|Blue Dawn Glory||Ipomea nil|
|Greater Glory||Ipomea mauritiana|
|Tiger's Paw Glory||Ipomea pes-tigridis|
|Red Star Glory||Ipomea hederifolia|
|Composite||Goat Weed||Ageratum Conyzioides|
|American Softhead||Lagascea mollis|
|Marsh Daisy||Eclipta Prostate(=alba)|
|Graham's Groundsel||Senecio Grahami|
|Labitaceae||Indian Catmint||Anisomeles Indica (=ovale)|
|Common Leucas||Leucas aspera|
|Wild Tulsi||Occimum vulgare|
|Lion's Ear||Leonotis nepetiifolia|
|Malvaceae||Lesser White Mallow||Hibiscus hirtus|
|Common Purple Mallow||Urenia Lobata|
|Common Sida||Sida acuta|
|Oxalidaceae||Little Tree Plant||Biophytum Sensitivum|
|Cucurbitaceae||Madras Pea Pumpkin||Mukia maderaspatena|
|Common Fringe-Flowered Vine||Trichosanthes cucumerina|
|Caesalpiniaceae||Feather-leaved Cassia||Cassia mimosioides|
|Pot Cassia||Cassia tora|
|Mimosaceae||Touch-Me Not||Mimosa pudica|
|Solanaceae||Little Gooseberry||Physalis minima|
|Yellow-berried Nightshade||Solanum surattense|
|Verbenaceae||Common Lantana||Lantana Camara|
|Jamaican Bluespike||Stachytarpheta Jamaicensis|
|Fabaceae (Papilionaceae)||Common Rattle Pod||Crotalaria Rretusa|
|Silky Indigo||Indigofera astragalinea|
|Pedaliaceae||Devil's Claw||Martynia annua|
|Acanthaceae||Wayside Tuberose||Ruella tuberosa|
|Ranunculaceae||Deccan Clematis||Clematis triloba|
In addition, bamboos are also there in some valleys and next to the water banks. The wilderness of the flora in this park is integrated with old Teak and Bamboo plantations.
The Safari timing in Pench National Park is almost similar like other parks of the country. The entry and exit of the park vary as per the season. The best time to visit Pench National Park is between February and April. Due to the shorter duration of daylight in winters, the morning entry time is quite late and evening exit time is early. The National Park remains open for visitors from 16th October to the end of June and closed during the rainy season (July-October) every year. Early morning safari is the most worthwhile to spot tigers and other rare animals.
Winter Safari Timings
Morning Safari: 07:30 hrs
Evening Safari: 15:00 hrs
Morning Safari: 10:30 hrs
Evening Safari: 17:30 hrs
Summer Safari Timings
Morning Safari: 06:30 hrs
Evening Safari: 16:00 hrs
Morning Safari: 09:30 hrs
Evening Safari: 18:30 hrs
Activities to Do in Park
Pench National Park is popular for its wildlife and flora & fauna. There are many ways to explore the wildlife of forest. They are:
Tourist Attractions in Pench National Park
Sitaghat- This spot is winding path that is close to the bank of river Pench, speckled with rocks and artistic looking trees. During summer season, white flowers and bushes lope all along with bank. To view these flowers in full blossom, it is must to visit in the early morning hours. The place also appears to be a splendid spot for wildlife sightseeing.
Alikatta- This place is another exciting attraction that has fascinating area of grassland, where animals are also observed. In evening time, there is excellent view of grazing herds comprising of thousands of spotted deer. One can also enjoy elephant rides that begin from this place.
Chhindimatta Road- Journeying over rocky hills, it is considered as place of interest in the huge Pench reservoir. The rocky cliffs make tremendous places for leopards. Other species like Eagles, Buzzards, and hawks are observed looming over their nests.
Bodhanala Range- This area is worth sightseeing for visitors. It starts from slopy hill, bamboo forest to a huge pond close to the border of the park. It is a perfect area for raptors.
Above all, there are some other attractions to explore in Pench like Raiyakassa, Doob Road, and Kalapahad. Travelling to all these places give wonderful opportunity to come across huge herds and king of jungle.
Tourist Places near Pench National Park
There are some main tourist attractions nearby Pench National Park, which add more fun and excitement in trip. They are:
Bandhavgarh National Park- This park is 338.7 Km away (approx.7 hours) from Pench and it gives a wildlife retreat where nature and history meet together. Positioned amidst the Vindhyan hills, the park has a series of ridgelines successively running through it. The major attractions of the area are however in the heart of the Park with its 32 beautiful wooded hills.
Kanha National Park- Just 2 hours drive (136.5 kms) from Pench National Park, there resides Kanha National Park. Situated in the district of Mandia (Madhya Pradesh), the park is a Tiger Reserve that leads over 1945 sq. km of undulating country. It is an abode to over 1000 species of flower plants. It has important population of leopards, royal Bengal tiger, sloth bear, barasingha, Indian wild dog, etc.
Nagzira National Park- The wildlife of this park is sheltered in the arms of nature and festooned with a picturesque landscape and exuberant vegetation. Only 3 hours drive (176.5 km) from Pench National Park, this park is placed in the Bhandara district of Maharashtra. The small reserve is a vital corridor that connects central and southern forested areas such as Kanha Tiger Reserves and Tadoba-Andhari.
Tadoba National Park-Just 256.4 km away from Pench, Tadoba National Park lies in Chandrapur district of the north-eastern part of Maharashtra. Popular as ‘The Jewel of Vidharba’, this park is placed in the core of a reserved forest. The park is widely popular for its plants life and wildlife. It has tropical dry deciduous forest where teak is the dominant species.
Pench National Park is situated at 21° 40′ 17.76″ North and 79° 18′ 11.88″ East. The Pench land is surrounded with small hills and well-stocked teak mixed forest in the southern part of Satpura Ranges. The park has a tropical continental climate with distinct monsoons (July-September), winters (November-February) and summers (April-June). The altitude variegates from 425 to 620 meters above msl. The temperature of this region is 4°C in December and 42°C in May & June. Average rainfall is 1300 mm.
During summer, casual summer clothing of natural colors is perfect from March to May while from November to February, carrying warm apparels for chilly mornings and hazy evening is very important.
How to Reach
By Air- Nagpur Airport (88 Km) is the nearest one to reach the park. Other option is Jabalpur Airport, which is 200 km away from the park.
By Rail- The nearest railway station is Nagpur (90 km), well connected to all the cities of India.
By Road- Nagpur is 88 km away from Pench through Seoni (NH No. 7).