1945 sq. kms./ 94,000 hectares of national park.
Surrounded Area: Surrounded by 100, 500 hectares of additional
In : 1933 as a sanctuary
Developed As : A National Park 1955 & As a Tiger Reserve
Everyone we know wants to see a tiger. Not in a circus: not in
a zoo; not even, for that matter a tiger corralled in the vast
acres of a safari park, although that's better than not seeing
a tiger at all! The best, and by far the most thrilling, way to
see a tiger is to come across it when it is free to roam the wilderness
of its natural habitat: the fields and forests of India. We've
seen wild tigers in many places in our land but nowhere have we
seen them as often, and as regularly as in Kanha National Park.
Kanha National Park is Kipling country and the nearby forests
were the setting for the "Jungle Book" by Rudyard
Kipling. It's an outstanding national park and wildlife
reserve of Central India, noted for its last remaining population
of the hard-ground race of the Swamp Deer (approximately 380).
Spotting wild animals is always a matter of luck, but Kanha is
so rich in wildlife that the odds are titled in your favour. Most
people are keener to meet Kanha's most famous citizen: the Tiger.
Thereare a healthy numbers of the Tiger found over here, which
may be seen during the day, and is one of the best places left
to see them.
are 175 varieties of birds in Kanha National Park. So if
you happen to be bird watcher, look forward to a full spotting
itinerary. The terrain inside the park is varied, nonetheless
enjoyable. Bamboo forests flow into Sal forests and meadows. There
are herds of spotted deer to be seen with smaller herds of spotted
deer to be seen with smaller herds of beautiful antelope, the
black buck. With a little luck, you could also spot the timorous
barking deer. It's snapping warns other denizens of the forest
that a predator is around. There is also a very strong possibility
that you will see the rare Barasingha, the Swamp Deer. Once there
were only 66 of these in Kanha, but careful conservation and management
raised their population to over 400.
was at Kanha that the eminent zoologist George Schaller
undertook the first ever-scientific study of the tiger. Another
landmark at Kanha is the preservation of the 'hard ground' Barasingha.
This was achieved by extending the grasslands, relocating villages
and by increasing habitat.
Topography(Kanha National Park)
Kanha has two main valleys, Halon in the east and Banjar in
the west, and the grassy 'maidans' (often
old village sites), dotted with clumps of forest harbour large
numbers of herbivores. The hills offer support sizeable plateaus
(locally called 'Dadars') and the characterized by extensive grasslands
and scant trees. These 'Dadars' are much favoured by Gaur and
forests are deciduous, the main tree being the Sal, and there
are large stands of bamboo. Higher up the slopes the forests tend
to become dense and mixed with Haldu and Bija trees. Birds in
the park include the Painted Partridge, Shaheen Falcon and Golden
residing within the (Kanha National park)
Season(Kanha National Park)
» Rhesus Macaque
» Sloth Bear
» Small Indian Civet
» Striped Hyaena
» Indian Muntjac
» Indian Palm Squirrel
» Hanuman Langur
» Bengal Fox
» Smooth-coated Otter
» Four-horned Antelope
» Indian Hare » Indian Grey Mongoose
» Jungle Cat
» Indian Spotted Chevrotain
» Indian Porcupine
» Golden Jackal
» Ratel Ruddy Mongoose
» Wild Boar
» Swamp Deer
» Indian Pangolin
Months from November-June are favorable for visitation in the
park; still the best period is February-April.
By Air: Drive from Jabalpur (6 hours), which is also the nearest
airport or from Nagpur (7 hours drive). There are regular air
services to Raipur and Nagpur (270 kms) from other airports in
India. From these airports one has to drive to the park.
By Rail: The most convenient railheads for Kanha are Jabalpur
and Nagpur. These two are well connected by fast and superfast
trains other destinations in India.
By Road: To access the Kanha National Park there
are two ways, via Khatia or via Kisli. From Jabalpur there are
daily bus services to these places. From Jabalpur, Bilaspur and
Raipur one can hire taxis to the park. No vehicles are allowed
inside the park after dark so get there before dusk.