Bandipur 87,420 hectares.
: Bandipur, 1931 as a sanctuary, 1941 as a national
(Bandipur National Park)
1973 as a tiger reserve.
Bandipur National Park is a beautiful forest reserve located
in the southern Indian state of Karnataka. This national park occupies
a special place in Indias efforts towards natural
conservation. It was created in the 1930s from the local Maharaja
Voodiyars hunting lands, and named Venugopal Wildlife Park.
Bandipur National Park was expanded later in 1941 to
adjoin the Nagarhole National Park, which lay towards its northern
edge, and Wynad and Madumulai Sanctuaries, which lay towards its
southern edge in the states of Kerala and Tamilnadu, respectively.
The entire area now constitutes the vast Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve,
one of India's most extensive tracts of protected forest. It has
been a designated tiger reserve in 1973.
National Park lies in the Indian Deccan plateau area, thus
being totally in the shadow of the Western Ghats. The region is
well endowed in terms of vegetation and flora that ranges from
deciduous and evergreen forest covers to open grassy woodlands.
Valuable hardwoods including rosewood and teak are also found
here. The lifeline of the forest is the Moyar River, which irrigates
the area along with two minor rivulets. The river also acts as
a boundary between the Park and the Madumulai Sanctuary. Bandipur
is one of the finest and most accessible habitats of the Asiatic
elephant. Its vast open spaces make it a pleasant and convenient
outing for visitors to see the elephant in its natural surroundings.
at Bandipur National park:
Bonner Macaque Nilgiri Langur (adjoining areas) Dhole
Smooth-coated Otter Common Palm Civet Stripe-necked Mongoose
Jungle Cat Tiger
Wild Boar Chital Gaur
Indian Palm Squirrel Grizzled Indian Squirrel Liontail Macaque
Golden Jackal Sloth Bear
Indian Grey Mongoose Striped Hyaena Rusty-spotted Cat
Ratel Indian Spotted Chevrotain Sambar
Nilgiri Tahr (adjoining areas) Indian Porcupine Hanuman Langur
Bengal Fox Eurasian Otter Small Indian Civet
Ruddy Mongoose Leopard Cat Leopard
Indian Elephant Indian Muntjac Four-horned Antelope
Indian Pangolin Indian Hare Red Giant Flying squirrel
Indian Giant Squirrel
(Bandipur National Park)
region is warm and comfortable for most parts of the year with
temperatures ranging from 24 to 28°C, except for the brief
winter that lasts from October to January when the temperature
hovers around the 19°C mark. Monsoon is erratic, but it generally
rains from June to September.
National Park is located on the highway connecting Mysore
and the hill station of Ootacamund (Ooty). Reaching Bandipur by
bus is very convenient. All regular and express state transport
buses plying between Ooty and Mysore pass through the park fringes
and the Forest Department Center is a designated bus stop. It
takes 2½ hours to reach Bandipur forest from Mysore and
about 3 hours from Ooty. The nearest rail junction is Mysore (65
km) and the nearest international airport is the software Mecca
of Bangalore (204 km).
THERE (Bandipur National Park)
The forest department maintains reasonably priced lodges,
rest houses and cottages.
Light cotton clothing is recommended for summers whereas light
woolen garments are recommended for the brief winters. During
rainy season, it is advisable to carry raincoats, as the rain
is accompanied by a light breeze that renders umbrellas useless.
Madumulai and Wynad National parks all lie in the vicinity
of Bandipur forest. A reservoir and a dam that separates
Bandipur from Nagarhole reserve is an interesting place
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