History of Ladakh

Going by the record books, the history of the Ladakh started getting documented right after the 7th and 8th century. In the 7th and 8th century, Tibetanization of Ladakh began. Even today, people believe that Ladakh is a part of the Tibet. By the end of the 9th century, the Tibetan culture started heavily influencing the major developments in Ladakh. Tibetans kept on playing the role of the major key players till the 9th century. The rulers of Tibet. Yarlung Dynasty kept a strong hold on the Tibet boundaries. Then an Islamic kingdom allied itself with China, which made Tibet stop its military expansion. Then Ladakh came under the control of Ralpacan, a strong king, and devout Buddhist. He initiated many measures to support Buddhism. After his assassination, Ralpacan's brother Lang Darma came into power and gained a large following in Tibet. Some years later, after the demise of Lang Darms, the population of Buddhist started reducing. Ultimately, Ladakh became an independent kingdom under the rule of a local ruler.

In the 10th century, the Lha Chen Palgyi-Gon, a descendant of Lang Darma came into power. During his tenure, major cultural and religious practices were initiated. Later in 1553, Namgyal Dynasty, conquered Ladakh. They kept their rule over Ladakh until the 17th century. In the Namgyal Dynasty, Singe Namgyal was the most important leader who ruled Ladakh in the 17th century. He was known by the name of "Lion King,".and was noted was his contribution in making palaces, monasteries and shrines

After the death of Singe Namgyal, his area was divided and given a name - Ladakh. Then it eventually passed to his successor, Deldan Namgyal (ca. 1675-1705). During his rule, Deldan Namgya erected the golden Buddha at Shey.

He was also involved in many allianced with the kings of Kashmir and Tibet. Later, Mughals came to power in Ladakh, and when they left, Tibet invaded the area. In the 18th century, then king of Ladakh began started appointing elders to take control of all the village related matter. Many printing presses came up who used to produce religious texts. Also in the 18th century, Sikh rulers even came into the picture and established over Jammu and Kashmir. Then Dogra Invasion of 1834 began during which Zorawar Singh, invaded Ladakh. After the Sikh ruler, Britons took control of Ladakh and made it a part of Jammu and Kashmir under the control of the Maharaja of Kashmir.

Ladakh Tourism at a Glance