( Flora & Fauna )
of the altitude that vary right from sea level to summits that touch
the skies ,the flora and fauna naturally covers a wide spectrum.
Nowhere in the world in such a small area can one find flora and
fauna of all varieties - Tropical to the Alpines. Sikkim's botanical
and zoological richness is awe- inspiring, boasting of more than
4000 species of plants and 30% of all the birds found in the Indian
sub-continent . No wonder Sikkim has been a dream of naturalists.
Dr. J. Hooker during the middle of the last century surveyed in
the detail the botanical wealth in Sikkim and his findings were
embodied in the publication 'Himalayan Journal' that is still considered
as an authoritative document. Dr. Salim Ali an ornithologist has
given a detailed account on birds in his book 'The birds of Sikkim'.
Besides these there are many books available on the flora &
fauna of sikkim.
lowlands in the south, 800'to 5000', experience a tropical climate;
lush vegetation such as figs, laurel, Sal trees and bamboos have
been cleared in some areas for farming. The temperate forest of
oak, chestnut, maple, birch, alder, magnolia and silver fir dominates
between 5000; and 13000. Above 13000, is the alpine zone where juniper,
cypresses and rhododendrons grow. The perpetual snowline lies at
16000'. Luxuriant forests cover 36% of the land, more than 4000
species of plant have been recorded in Sikkim. Over 600 species
of orchids grow in Sikkim, Epiphytal and terresterial types, in
the tropical and temperate zones. 35 species of rhododendrons grow
in temperate and alpine regions, their flowering from May to August
Amongst the mammals of Sikkim are the rare Snow Leopard, Himalayan
Black Bear, Red panda, Musk Deer and Blue Sheep.
is abundant with Giant Lammergeier, Vultures, Eagles, Whistling
Thursh, Minivets, Bulbuls and Pheasants among the 550 species to
be seen in Sikkim.
Sikkim has many hot springs known for their medicinal value.
The most important are the ones located at Reshi , Yumthang
, Ralang. ...
One of the rivers that almost flow right across the length
of Sikkim is the Teesta. It's major tributary is the Rangeet
which originates from the Rathong Glacier, meets it at the border
between Sikkim and West Bengal. ...