The Ngada Festival is celebrated by the Rengma tribe, originating in Assam and Nagaland, North East India. It is among the most popular festivals of Nagaland. The festival resembles a kind of thanksgiving which is clearly molded by the Rengma culture. It is a post-harvest festival that celebrates a successful harvest. The people of tribe come together and harmonize the smooth working of the festival. It is the belief of the Rengma people that the dead ones return to visit their homes and their families during this festival. It is also during this festival that the Rengma people offer respect at the graves of their loved ones. Unified as one, the people work together and celebrate the festival with grandeur and concord. Traditional Rengma ceremonies, dance, singing and feasts ensue during the time span of the festival. This cultural feast elevates tourism in Nagaland, as people from other places travel to witness this festival. People believe in curtailing animosity and vanquishing ill will. And hence, this festival is deemed as ideal opportunity to initiate peaceful bidding.
The Ngada festival is an agricultural oriented celebration. It marks an end to the harvest season of the year. The festival is overseen as a time for the people to rejoice, dance, sing, celebrate, feast and forgive. The celebrations last for seven to eight days, varying from place to place in Nagaland.
The Ngada festival is celebrated annually. The festival begins either in the month of November or December. It is traditionally observed in the final stages of the month of November and continues its course into the beginning of the next month i.e. December. It is celebrated after the crops are harvested and the weather signals for new bearings to be implemented in the fields.