Considering its vastness and remoteness, one would hardly believe that Ladakh is home to good bird species. Surprisingly, the vast and undulating landscape of Ladakh is a haven for diverse avifauna. Despite the harsh climate, there are around 310 species of birds that have been recorded in the region. The summer migrants breed in high altitude in the months of April and May, whereas, there are also few species that breed in the northern Palearctic, which visit between the months of October and early December, making bird watching in Ladakh an exceptional experience altogether..
For birdwatching in Ladakh, topography plays a major role, and that is why it is limited to certain destinations of Ladakh. Suru Valley, Rizong Monastery, Nubra Valley, Shey marshes, Tsokar plains, Tsomoriri lakes, Puga Sumdo Valley and Hemis National Park are some of the major hubs of birdwatching. In Suru Valley, mainly the region between Sanko and Parachik in the Suru Valley, is quite famous for bird species like Firecapped Tit Cephalopyrus flammiceps, White-tailed Rubythroat Luscinia pectoralis (nominate race), many warblers, including the Longbilled Bush Warbler Bradypterus major and Little Forktail Enicurus scouleri. The region around the Rizong Monastery is where one can spot species like Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii, Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus and Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria.
Apart from all these destinations, birdwatching in Ladakh is famous in destinations like Hemis National Park, Rumbak Valley, Shey marshes, Nubra Valley, Tsomoriri Lake, and Tsokar Plains. For birdwatching, the best to visit will be summer.