Pradesh , India's second largest state and the geographical
of the country, is situated in the centre of the country. Except
for the valleys of the Narmada and the Tapi rivers, M.P. consists
of a plateau with a mean elevation of 1600 ft. above sea level,
interspersed with the mountains of the Vindhyachal and the Satpura
Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh, is a fascinating amalgam
of an old historic city, and modern urban planning. It is situated
on the 11th century city, Bhojapal, founded by Raja Bhoja but the
present city was established by an Afghan soldier, Dost Mohammed.
Today it presents a multi-faceted profile: the old city with its
marketplaces and fine old mosques and palaces still bears the aristocratic
imprint of its former rulers, among them the succession of powerful
Begums who ruled Bhopal from 1819 to 1926. Equally impressive is
the new city with its verdant, exquisitely laid out parks and gardens,
broad avenues and streamlined modern edifices.
Language: Hindi. Major dialects of Hindi used in the state are Bundelkhandi, Malwi & Chattisgari. Other languages spoken are Urdu, Marathi, Sindhi, Punjabi, Gujrati etc.
The climate is monsoonal, with much of the rain falling from June
to October at averages 60 inches or more, dropping to 40 inches
or less in the west and less than 30 inches in the Chambal River
valley to the north. The March-to-May season is hot and dry, and
temperatures everywhere are higher than 29º C. Winters are
usually pleasant and dry. Best time to visit: September to February.
Best Seasons : The best time to visit Madhya Pradesh is during the relatively cool winter months between November and February. In the hot season (April, May and June), the region heats up like a furnace, and daytime temperatures frequently exceed 40°C. If you can stand the heat, this is the best time to catch glimpses of tigers in the parks. The rains finally sweep in from the southeast in late June or early July.