The fort that has made its mark in history as the second largest wall after the Great Wall of China – it is none but the Kumbhalgarh fort in Rajasthan. The mighty fort is 3600 ft tall and 38km long that surrounds the area of Udaipur. It was considered to have been built by Rana Kumbha in the 15th century. The fort is further declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is under the group Hill Forts of Rajasthan. It is located strategically on the western Aravalli hills.
Having witnessed a large number of wars, the hill serves as the boundary that is unbreakable. The fort that has seven fortified gateways and a number of Jain temples within it , along with the Lakhola Tank which is the most famous tank inside the fort that was constructed by Rana Lakha. The fort consists of a number of Hindu temples and Jain temples that indicate the religious tolerance of the rulers and how they patronized the Jains and encouraged their culture in the kingdom.
The brilliant Kumbhalgarh fort is said to be the birthplace of Maharana Pratap. The fort further consists of inscriptions on the foot of idols in Hanuman Pol that provides details of construction of the fort. The Badshahi Bavdi is a stepped tank that was built by the general of Akbar to provide drinking water to the army troops in 1578. The fort initially faced many problems during construction but was resolved by performing a human sacrifice and the main gate of the fortress which is the Hanuman Pol, contains the shrine and a temple to thank and remember the great sacrifice of a warrior.
Falna Railway Station is the closest railway station where a traveller can get down and the avail a taxi or a bus to reach the fort.
The fort consists of a Ganesh temple which is assumed to be one of the earliest temples built inside the fort. It also has the Neel Kanth Mahadeva temple, built in 1458 CE, the central shrine of Shiva, in which the idol is made of black stone which was renovated by Rana Sangha.
The fort also has many Jain temples like the Parsva Natha temple and the Golera Jain temple. Few other temples are the Mamdeo temple, Surya Mandir and Pital Shah Jain temple.
The fort is open from 9:00AM to 6:00PM every day of every week throughout the year.
The entry fee for an Indian visitor is Rs 10 while for the foreign travellers it is Rs 100.
The best time to visit the fort is during winters between the months of October to February when the climate is cooler and suitable for people instead of the scorching heat of the summer during the months of March to June.