district Raipur occupies the south eastern part of the upper Mahanadi
valley and the bordering hills in the south and the east. Thus,
the district is divided into two major physical divisions, Viz.,
the Chattisgarh plain and the Hilly Areas.
Mahanadi is the main river of this district. Its tributaries being
Sendur, Pairy, Sondur, Joan, Kharun and Shivnath. The fertility
of lands of Raipur district can be attributed to the presence of
these rivers. Mahanadi originating in the hills of Sihava flows
in the direction of East into the Bay of Bengal.
crosses the district diagonally from its south western corner to
Northern boundaries. The area to the west of the river comprising
the North Eastern part of Dhamtari (now separated from the Raipur
District), the whole of Raipur, Rajim Tehsil and the western part
of Baloda Bazar Tehsil is a part of the open Chhattisgarh plain,
gently sloping, thickly populated and closely cultivated and almost
devoid of forests.
District is situated in the fertile plains of Chhattisgarh Region.
This District is situated between 22° 33' N to 21° 14' N
Latitude and 82° 6' to 81° 38' E Longtitude. The District
is surrounded by District Bilaspur in North, District Bastar and
part of Orissa state in South, District Raigarh and part of Orissa
state in East and district Durg in West.