( Historical Places )
Places and Monuments
The Kashmir region abounds in places of historical and archaeological
significance, important among which are.
The Hazratbal Shrine, which is situated on the left bank of
the famous Dal Lake in Srinagar. This unmatched reverence is anchored
in the love and respect for the Prophet Mohammad(peace be upon him),
whose Moi-e-Muqqadas, (the sacred hair) is preserved here. The shirne
is known by many names including Hazrathbal , Assar-e-Sharief, madinat-us-Sani,Dargah
Sharief and Dargah.Sadiq Khan,laid out a garden here and constructed
a palacial building,Ishrat mahal or Pleasure House, in 1623. The
construction of the present marble structure was started by the
Muslim Aquaf Trust headed by Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah in 1968 and
completed in 1979.The Moi-e-Muqqadas is displayed on various occasions
related with the life of the Prophet and his four holy companions.
It is located at 1100ft.above surface level of the main city
on the Shankaracharya hill, also known as Takht-e-Suleiman. The
shiva temple, as Kalhana belives, was constructed by Raja Gopadatya
in 371 B.C.and as such is the oldest shirne in Kashmir. Dogra ruler,Maharaja
Gulab Singh, constructed stone stairs upto the temple. In 1925,the
temple was electrifed. The temple, besides a prominent religious
place of Hindus, is of great archaeological importance. The temple
commands a magnificient panoramic view of the Srinagar city.
The shrine of Shah-e-Hamdan or Khanqah-e-Moulla is one of the
oldest muslim shrines in kashmir situated on the bank of the river
Jhelum in the old city.
It is one of the oldest and the most spacious of all the mosques
in Kashmir, situated in the heart of the city.The foundation of
the mosque, an architectural wonder was laid by Sultan Sikander
in 1398 A.D.The area of the mosque is 384ftX381ft. spacious enough
for over thirty thousand people to offer prayers at a time.
The tomb of the mother of Sultan Zain-Ul-Abideen(1420-70) popularly
known as Badshah is a splendid representative piece of the Shahmiri
architecture. The monument,situated on the right bank of the river
Jehlum near Zaina Kadal is the only one of its kind in and around
kashmir which, compared to the wooden structures of the shahmiri
period,is a wholly brick structure.
Another historical monument of Srinagar is the Hari Parbat
Fort constructed by the Afghan Governer,Atta Mohammad Khan(1808-10),on
the top of the Hari Parbat or Koh-e-Maraan hill. The architecture
of the Fort is similar to that of the forts in Central Asia.
Situated at Tullamula in the Srinagar district,is an important
hindu shrine.The temple is associated with the hindu goddess,Ragnya
Devi.An annual festival is held here on Jesht Ashtami(May-June)
when hindus visit the place in large numbers to offer prayers and
seek the blessings of the diety. In addition ,there are umpteen
places of religious importance in Srinagar.
The temples of Mattan are located midway between Anantnag and
Pahalgam. There is a Shiva Temple in the centre of a deep pond.
This is a significant Archaelogical site. Its impressive Architecture
reveals the glorious past of the area. All that remains of the temple
is a central rectangular building surrounded by a court and rectangular
The most important shrine is of Amarnath cave situated about
48 KMs from Pahalgam which attracts devotees from all over the world.
It is located in the upper reaches of the Distt at an altitude of
about 13000ft. from the sea level. Shrine is believed to be an abode
of lord Shiva.
are famous temples at Anantnag,Deviangan,Bijbehara, Akingam,Lukbhavan,
and Goswami Gund,Nagdandi Ashram.
famous shrines of Bab-Zain-Ud-Din Wali is existing at Aishmuqam.The
shrine of Baba-Hyder Rishi is located at Anantnag. He is the last
giant of Rishi order of saints.
This town lies on the east bank of Wullar lake and is also
called the "Port of Wullar". The roads to Gurez and Gilgit
lead from this town. A beautiful park at the pattern of Famous Nishat
Bagh exists there.
It is a beautiful valley located 86Kms from Bandipopre. River
Kishenganga flows through it.
This is an old town and remained capital of Kashmir during
Shankervarman regime. It is 26 Kms from Srinagar.
of Sheikh Noor-ud-din-Noorani
The tomb of Alamdar-e-Kashmir is situated 28 Kms in southwest
of Srinagar at Chrar-e- Sharif in Budgam District. The shrine on
the burial site was constructed by the then ruler of Kashmir Zain
ul Abideen. Sheikh Noor-ud-din was born in Kaimoh and his ancestors
belonged to Kishtwar. He was a pious soul and travelled throughout
Kashmir to spread the message of his religion. He meditated for
12 years inside a cave. Four centuries after his death Afghan governor
Atta Mohd. Khan issued coins in his name. The shrine alongwith Khanqah
was gutted in a devatating fire in 1995. A new shrine is planned
to be constructed in its place.
Shrine of Khan Saheb
It is situated in the Khan saheb block of the District.It is
associated with famous saint Hazrat Saleh Khan who belonged to village
Pakhla of Pakistan. Syed Saleh Khan also meditated inside a cave
for 12 years and stayed in Srinagar for some time.He was also a
The Imambara is a holy place for Shiiete Muslims of Kashmir.
This building was constructed in the year 1857. The present imambara
is octagonal and has five main enterances each of 12ft width. One
of the doors is reserved for women. The Imambara is a piece of indo-Iranian
architectureand commands great reverence among Shia masses.
The land of Khag was fortunate enough to have Sheikh noor-Ud-Din
as a visitor. Sheikh selected a rock a Khag for meditation and this
bears the imprints of his feet. This rock is known as shah Kaen.
A shrine is built there in the memory of the saint.
Tomb of Sham Ded
Sham ded was a daughter of a Iron smith in Poshker village
and was initiated into sprituality by Sheikh-ul-Alam. The pious
lady after his death was laid to rest in Poshker village and a shrine
was construted there. Other shrines of various pious saints abound
in Budgam. These are shrines of : Baba Latif-ud-Din, Syed Mohd.
Samri, Hazrat Ganga Baba Rishi, Zia -ud-Din Bukhari.
Mazar-e- sharief of Zattishah at Village Mugamnear Drugmullafour
Kms from Kupwara Town.Urs is celebrated in the month of May.
-i- Baba Abdullah Gazi
Situated at Kralpora guzrail about 20 Kms from Kupwara town
in the northwest.
of Prakash Akhoon
Located at Gushi 3 Kms from Kupwara town. Prakash pandit was
a prominent scholar of Arabic,Persian, Urdu and Sanskrit languages.
Located at Tikker on chowkibal road about 1 Km from Kupwara
town. Anniversary is celebrated in the month of April-May.
The Awantishwar temple at Jawbrari is the significant monuments
present in the district. The temple was built by Raja AwantiVarma
in the 9th Century A.D when he chose as his capital instead of Srinagar.
Payer temple is situated about 3 Kms in the south of Pulwama
district. The temple is known after the village,Payer, where it
is situated. Vigne, Cunningham and some other travellers call it
The shrine is the most revered religious place in the district
situated 12 Kms. from Pulwama. The shirne houses the holy relic
of Prophet Mohammed (Peace Be Upon Him) which is displayed on special
occasions associated with the life of the Prophet(PBUH).
Shrine of Shah Hamdan
Situated in Tral town, the shrine is believed to have been
built by Mir Syed Ali Hamdani. People in large numbers throng the
shrine on annual festivals associated with the saint.
The mosque is said to have been built during the Mughal period.
Shopian was an important stopover on the Mughal road across the
Pir Panjal used by the Mughals to visit Kashmir. The other important
muslim shrines are situated at Awantipora and Pampore. These are
the shrines of Syed Hussan Mantaqui,Mir Mohammad Hamdani and Namat
Ullah Shog Baba Sahab.