Everything about the Jama Masjid is surreal, from its design to its architecture. Maybe that is why it has been compared to Baitul-Mamur, a pearls and rubies studded mosque believed to be located in jannah (heaven). Built by Shah Jahan in 1648 AD, it was dedicated to his daughter, Jahanara Begum. The perfection in its art and design make it one of the most visited tourist attractions in Agra.
Located just opposite the Agra Fort, the Jama Masjid is one of the largest mosques in India. It is constructed on a large platform which is accessible by a flight of 35 steps. Indeed, its enormous size makes it visible from a distance and attracts the believers from afar. It is a monument which evokes wonder and awe, and is of immense cultural and historical importance.
Jama Masjid, one of the incredible places to visit in Uttar Pradesh, was constructed using red sandstone along with marble decorations to accompany it. It consists of a large courtyard which is embraced by cloisters on three sides. The beauty of the courtyard is enhanced with the presence of a fountain with four kiosks. These have engrailed arches which stand on pillars. A prayer chamber can also be found on the western side.
The dome, which is an essential feature of Islamic architecture, also finds its presence in this structure. Here, they are fitted with inverted lotus and kalash finials on the top along with narrow zigzag patterning of white marble.
Another noticeable feature of this magnificent mosque is its central portal, which consists of Persian inscriptions in white marble inlaid with black stone.
- Construction of the Jama Masjid took around six years and required the involvement of 5000 workers.
- It is one of the largest mosques in India and is also known as Jami Mosque.
- The mosque was once surrounded by a sprawling octagonally-shaped market. However, it was later demolished for the installation of railway tracks.
- An engraving of the Jama Masjid makes its appearance in Fisher's Drawing Room Scrap Book.
Jama Masjid, one of the most beautiful tourist attractions in Agra, is a religious place of worship, and hence, entry is completely free to tourists, both domestic and international. All you need to visit this holy and pure structure is faith, love and unending devotion.
Best Time to Visit
Jama Masjid is located in the city of Agra, Uttar Pradesh. During the summers it can get very hot here, with the average temperature fluctuating between 40-45°C. However, if you are undaunted by the heat, you can certainly visit this structure during summers. During winters, the weather turns pleasant and comfortable. A lot of tourists, both domestic and international, prefer visiting Agra during this time. If you enjoy winters, then this is the perfect time to plan a trip.
After visiting the Jama Masjid, there are other popular tourist attractions in Agra which you can visit.
- Nurjahan Tomb
- Agra Fort
- Shri Mankameshwar Mandir
- Fatehpur Sikri
- Taj Mahal