Area : 8,249 square kilometres.
Location : Latitude -6° to 14°North, Longitude - 92° to 94°.
Airports : Veer Savarkar International Airport, Port Blair
Administrative capital : Port Blair
Language : Major language - Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and Nicobarese
Highest peak : Saddle peak - 732 meters
Climate : Temperature - 23° (minimum) and 31° (maximum).
Humidity : 70-90%M
Tribes : Onge, Jarawa, Andamanese and Sentinelese of Negroid descent; Shompen and Nicobarese of Mongoloid descent.
Forest Area : 92% protected forest; 86% reserve forest.
Currency : Indian Rupees
Andaman and Nicobar Islands have the longest coastline which stretches to approximately 2000 km. The Islands were declared as a Union territory in the year 1956 and these Islands have total islands of 572 out of which 32 are inhabited. Andaman Island is the most visited by tourists from across the world. These Islands are closer to the Indian mainland that stretches over a length of more than 800 km from North to South. With many tribal people living in the Nicobar Island, this part of the Island is restricted for tourism activities, while the Andaman group of Islands are open for tourist. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are spread across 6° to 14° latitudes in the north and from 92° to 94° longitudes in the east and the channel which separates the islands is at a width of 150 kilometres. The highest point on Andaman and Nicobar Islands is the Saddle Peak with a height of 750 meters above sea level. The distance between mainlands India to the islands are at a distance of 1,255km from Kolkata and 1,190km from Chennai. North Andaman is the major Island that comprises of islands like Landfall Island, Sound Island, and Narcondam Island. The middle Andamans is home to islands like the Interview Island and the South Andamans include islands like Ritchie's Archipelago, Baratang Island, Neil Island, Rutland Island, Ross Island etc. The hilly section of the Island is in the Little Andamans. In addition, Barren Island is the only Island to have active volcano in India.
The islands of Andaman and Nicobar have a tropical climate which is generally humid and warm. In these Islands, there is no wrath of extreme summer or freezing winter the Islands of Andaman and Nicobar experiences balmy climate throughout the year. Although the months between November to February are the most preferred season to visit these Islands, you can rejuvenate in fun water activities like boating, swimming, snorkelling, sea walking, parasailing and many more. If you love nature, the months from May to December is best for bird watching and sightseeing. The normal rainfall at the Andaman Islands are around 3000 mm, minimum temperature stays at 23.2° C and maximum at 31° C with relative Humidity at 80 %.
In the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the different Andamanese people and Nicobarese people survived their isolated existence through the vast volume of the time and generation changing into distinct linguistic, cultural and territorial groups. The Islands of Andaman has tribes like Onge, Jarawa and Sentinelese of Negroid descent. Whereas, Nicobarese are of Mongoloid descent with tribes like Shompen and Nicobarese. However, the tribes are believed to have arrived in the islands from Africa up to 60,000 years ago. They are hunters moving and hunting animals. These tribes also collect honey, roots and berries from the forest. The language however spoken by the tribes are Onge, Andamanese, Sentinelese, Jarawa and Nicobarese.