Each year, thousands of organ transplantation procedures are carried out around the world. Organ transplantation is a field of medical sciences that help provide a new lease of life to the patients who lose an organ to a disease or a trauma.
Organ donation is the backbone of the transplants department in any hospital works. A person may decide to donate his or her vital organs, such as a kidney, lung or heart, during their lifetime. In other cases, the donated organ may come from a deceased individual, a close family member or a relative.
For example, spouse of an individual may decided to donate one of his or her kidneys, in case the partner is suffering from end-stage renal disease. The non-functional or kidneys with reduced functional capacity are removed from the body of the patient, and the donated kidney is transplanted in its position during a typical kidney transplantation procedure.
Kidney transplant is one of the most commonly performed surgeries around the world. But the kidney transplant waiting time varies greatly from one country to another. This is because of several factors, including the availability of doctors and donors.
Lung transplant is yet another procedure opted by people with reduced functionality of either one or both the lungs. The diseased lungs are partially or completely removed and replaced with a donated lung or a pair of lungs. The donated organ may come from a deceased donor or a living donor.
Similarly, liver transplant and heart transplant includes the transplantation of the liver and the heart. Also known as hepatic transplant, liver transplant is most commonly performed in patients with acute liver failure or end-stage liver disease. On the other hand, heart transplant is performed in patients suffering from severe coronary artery disease and heart failure.
Heart transplant is another procedure that has gained popularity in the recent years. This procedure is the most helpful to people who have lost hair from their scalp because of aging, prolonged illness, medications or any other condition.
Another specialized transplant procedure which is the most helpful in the treatment of certain cancers include stem cell transplant, commonly referred to as bone marrow transplant. This procedure is specially conducted in patients suffering from myeloma, leukemia and lymphoma.
The best hospitals for organ transplant in the world are equipped with all the latest technology, machinery and equipments to conduct transplantation procedures. In addition, these hospitals house some of the most experienced medical staff who specialize in organ transplants.
Bone marrow is a fatty tissue present in the bones that contain immature cells called stem cells. These cells are responsible for producing every type of blood cell in the human body. For the same reason, bone marrow transplant is also known as stem cell transplant. It is a procedure conducted to replace the destroyed bone marrow cells and for the treatment of thalassemia and aplastic anemia.
This is a minimally invasive procedure used to transplant hair follicles extracted from one part of the body to the region of baldness. Hair transplant is typically used to treat male pattern baldness, but can be used for the treatment of female baldness as well. Apart from the scalp, it can also be used to restore the hair on the eyelashes, chest, beard and eyebrows.
Also known as cardiac transplant, heart transplant is the only treatment option for end-stage heart failure patients to boost their lifespan. This rare procedure is mostly conducted in patients who duffer from severe heart damage or coronary artery disease. During this sensitive surgery, the damaged heart is removed and replaced with a healthy heart extracted from a liver of a deceased donor.
Also known as renal transplant, kidney transplant is a procedure that can greatly improve the lifespan of a end-stage kidney disease patient. Kidneys play a vital role in the human body. In case of kidney patient, the blood purifying function of the kidneys is carried out by a dialysis machine. People who stay on dialysis for years and have no hope recovering from their condition are often prescribed to go for kidney transplant.
During a typical liver transplant procedure, the non-functional or diseased liver is removed and replaced with a healthy liver. This healthy liver comes from a suitable donor, who could be a living or a deceased donor. A surgery is conducted to remove a part of the diseased liver or complete liver.