Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a condition of the eye in which the center of the retina gets damaged, warranting a need for macular degeneration treatment. The condition is mostly diagnosed in the elderly (above 60), who may experience blurred vision and difficulty in reading and seeing things clearly.
While there is still no treatment available for dry macular degeneration, wet macular degeneration can be controlled with the help of medications and surgery. It is important to note that there is no macular degeneration cure yet, however, it is possible to stop its progression with the help of specific intervention.
Macular degeneration surgery involves the use of a light-sensitive drug called verteporfin or laser. In the former surgery, the medicine is injected into the vein of the patient’s arm, which then is attached to the abnormal blood vessels of the center of the retina called macula. The abnormal vessels are destroyed by showing low-powered laser, which activates the drug attached to it.
In the second type of surgery, called Wet AMD thermal laser photocoagulation surgery, powerful beam of laser is used to burn away the damaged parts of the retina. The hardening of the burned sections of the retina prevents the blood vessels from reaching up to the macula.
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