Gujarat is an absolute treat for the nature lovers as its rich variety of flora and fauna makes home to 402 species of animals and 45 species of birds. The jungles of Gujarat are home to a sizeable population of extinct species namely Sloth Bear, Asiatic Lions, Greater Flamingo, Blackbuck, Indian Wild Ass, Indian Bustard, to name a few. Gujarat is significantly famous for its wildlife icon of Lions that are found in the Gir reserve.
Wildlife tours to Gujarat are every naturalist dream. One can experience the thrill of best reserves of India in Gujarat as it provides an opportunity to see vivid colours of wildlife and nature. For those who might have read about Gujarat, would be aware of Gir National Park. It is to be noted that Gir National Park is the largest home to the Asiatic Lions in India. King of the jungle, lion, reigns supreme in Gir, but there are plenty of other reasons to visit Gir, hyenas, leopards and over 250 species of birds just to name a few. Other then Giri there are various other National Parks and wildlife sanctuaries in Gujarat namely Jessore Sloth Bear Sanctuary, Jambughoda Wildlife Sanctuary, Barda Hills Wildlife Sanctuary, Gaga Wildlife Sanctuary, Mitiyala Wildlife Sanctuary, Pania Wildlife Sanctuary, Shoolpaneshwar Wild Life Sanctuary, Narayan Sarovar Wildlife Sanctuary are some of the ideal places for an action-packed wildlife holiday in Gujarat. All these wildlife reserves offer an unmatched journey into the wilderness.
Landforms of Gujarat are dynamic in nature, from moist deciduous to marine eco-system, from wetland to moist-decides forest. Bird watchers also love Gujarat as it is a great place to spot numerous bird species. Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary in Khijadiya, Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary in the West of Ahmedabad, Kutch Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary in Kutch, Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary in Nalsarovar and Thol Lake Bird Sanctuary in Mehsana district are few unique places in Gujarat preferred by Ornithologist and people who want to indulge in bird watching. Great Indian Bustard (Heaviest Flying Birds in the World), Dalmatian Pelicans, Hawks, Harriers, Falcons, Cranes, Geese, Flamingoes, Pelicans, Egrets, Herons, Spoonbills and many other types of birds from Asian countries, Serbia and Europe nestles and breeds in Gujarat.
Don't forget to visit the Marine National Park in Gulf of Kutch when on a trip to Gujarat as it is one of its kinds in India. People who had enough of the wildlife reserves should visit the Marine National Park as it has something new to explore. In fact, it is the only place in the world where one can view the reefs without diving into the water.
Give wildlife holiday a little bent by indulging in a wildlife safari in some of the Wildlife Sanctuaries of Gujarat. For wildlife safari, one will have to take a special permit. Wildlife ministry in Gujarat uphold the issue of animal preservation and invest handsomely in maintaining animal sanctuaries and natural reserves. Many conservation initiatives has been introduced by the government to make Gujarat a safe haven to varied species of mammals, reptiles, birds, plants, vertebrates and amphibians.
With twenty one wildlife sanctuaries and four national parks in its vicinity, Gujarat is a truly a wildlife buff empyrean and a perfect place for wildlife getaway in India.
|Name of National Park||Area km2||District||Major Wildlife Supported|
|Gir Forest National Park||
|Junagadh||Asiatic lion, leopard, chausingha, spotted deer, hyena, sambar deer, chinkara|
|Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar||
|Bhavnagar||Blackbuck, fox, Macqueen's bustard, lesser florican|
|Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch||
|Jamnagar||Sponges, corals, jelly fish, seahorse, octopus, pearl oyster, starfish, lobster, dolphin|
|Vansda National Park||
|Navsari||Leopard, hyena, spotted deer, chausingha|
|Name of Sanctuary||Area km2||District||Major Wildlife Supported|
|Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary||7506.22||Kutch||Chinkara, hyena, fox, flamingo, pelicans and other waterfowl and herpetofauna|
|Wild Ass Sanctuary||4953.7||Kutch||Chinkara, nilgai, blackbuck, onager(wild ass) wolf, fox, Macqueen's bustard, waterfowl, herpetofauna|
|Gir Wildlife Sanctuary & National Parks||1153.42||Junagadh||Lion, leopard, chausinga, chital, hyena, sambar, chinkara, herpetofauna, crocodiles and birds|
|Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary||607.7||Narmada||Sloth bear, leopard, rhesus macaque, chausinga, barking deer, pangolin, herpetofauna, birds including Alexandrian parakeet|
|Balaram Ambaji Wildlife Sanctuary||542.08|
|Narayan Sarovar Sanctuary||444.23||Kutch||Chinkara, green day, desert cat, hyena, desert fox, jackal, birds, herpetofauna|
|Marine Sanctuary||295.03||Jamnagar||Sponges, corals, jellyfish, sea horse, octopus, oyster, pearl oyster, starfish, dolphin, dugong, waterfowl|
|Barda Wildlife Sanctuary||192.31||Porbandar & Jamnagar||Leopard, blue bull, hyena, wild boar, jackal, birds, herpetofauna|
|Jessore Sloth Bear Sanctuary||180.66||Banaskantha||Sloth bear, leopard, hyena, birds, herpetofauna|
|Purna Wildlife Sanctuary||160.8||Dangs||Leopard, barking deer, macaques, four horned antelope, sambhar, hyena, herpetofauna, birds|
|Jambuhoda Wildlife Sanctuary||130.38||Panchmahal||Sloth bear, leopard, jungle cat, hyena, wolf, four horned antelope, herpetofauna, birds|
|Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary||120.82||Ahmedabad,Surendranagar||Flamingos, pelicans, coot, ducks, waders, storks, herons and other waterfowl, herpetofauna|
|Ratanmahal Sloth Bear Sanctuary||55.65||Dahod||Sloth bear, leopard, hyena, jackal, chausinga, civet cat, jungle cat, birds, herpetofauna|
|Pania Wildlife Sanctuary||39.63||Amreli||Lion, chinkara, leopard, chital, hyena, wild boar, four horned antelope, pangolin, blue bull, birds|
|Rampara Wildlife Sanctuary||15.01||Rajkot||Blue bull, chinkara, wolf, fox, jackal, birds, herpetofauna|
|Thol Wildlife Sanctuary||6.99||Mehsana||Cranes, geese, flamingos, sarus and about 125 other waterfowl species|
|Hingolgadh Nature Education Sanctuary||6.54||Rajkot||Chinkara, blue bull, wolf, hyena, fox, birds, herpetofauna|
|Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary||6.05||Jamnagar||Indian skimmer, ibises, painted stork, cormorants, etc.|
|About 220 bird species, herpetofauna|
|Gaga Wildlife Sanctuary||3.33||Jamnagar||Great Indian bustard, wolf, jackal, birds, herpetofauna|
|Kutch Bustard Sanctuary||2.03||Kutch||Great Indian bustard, lesser florican, Macqueen's bustard, chinkara, blue bull, herpetofauna|
|Porbandar Bird Sanctuary||0.09||Porbandar||Flamingos, pelicans, spoonbill and various bird spp.|