Diwali is a festival of twinkling lights, shopping gifts, wearing new dresses, gleaming diyas, beautiful rangolis, decorating homes, bursting crackers and savoring delicious cuisines. It is no doubt one of the most awaited and biggest festivals in India that comes loaded with unsurpassed enthusiasm, high spirits and endless joy. The festival signifies the victory of brightness of over darkness when plenty of diyas and lights eradicate the darkness of the New Moon. The candles and diyas are placed in every nook and corner of the homes to give a heavenly look to the whole scenario. The festival creates an ambience of happiness, delight and prosperity. It tenders ultimate bliss and pleasure to the lives of the people.
The festival of lights i.e. Diwali, is generally celebrated on the full moon light, sometime in the month of Ashwin and Kartika (October or November) according to the Hindu lunar calendar. However, the legend has it that the when Lord Rama (King of Ayodhya), defeated Ravana (demon king of Lanka), the people of Ayodhya to commemorate the return of Rama draped the whole kingdom with diyas. It is for the very reason, that the diyas has become an integral part of the Diwali festival. Furthermore, on this auspicious day, Goddess Lakshmi considered as the Goddess of wealth and God Ganesh, God of wisdom and learning are revered to bring good luck and prosperity in the coming year. After the 'puja' ceremony is over, people wish each other by distributing sweets, seek blessings from the older members of the house, enjoy bursting crackers and enjoy a lip-smacking dinner together.
Dhanteras festival marks the beginning of Diwali festival in India. It is a day when people engage in cleaning their homes and business premises. On this day, the birthdays of Goddess Lakshmi and Dhanvantari - considered as the Goddess of wealth and prosperity are offered special prayers.
Diyas are allowed to burn throughout the night to show respect and welcome the Goddess. According to many people, purchasing of new items, especially the kitchen utensils, gold and silver items are considered to bring good luck and prosperity. The merchants or traders stock up their shops with the desired items so that the people can celebrate the festival of lights with utmost joy.
People clean and decorate their homes with the colorful Rangoli and various other things to welcome Goddess Lakshmi with pure heart and seek her blessings. The markets come to life with many shops selling different gifting items like the dry fruit baskets, greeting cards, electronic gadgets, essential kitchen items, crockeries, lavish sweets and much more. People buy presents and gift them to their friends or family to bring huge smile into their faces.
All over the world, the Diwali festival is celebrated with extreme gaiety and enthusiasm. The festival is meant out to eradicate the evil darkness and bring back happiness into the lives of the people.
During Diwali, the people of the state engage in the shopping of certain items, whitewash and clean their homes. Many people purchase new clothes, electric items, sweets and celebrate the festival with their near and dear ones. The shops get crowded as they offer special deals on various items as the merchants consider that a good sales will bring them a prosperous year. In the evening, the homes are beautifully decorated and Lakshmi Puja is done. After the puja, sweets are distributed among the family members and kids enjoy bursting firecrackers.
This beautiful festival, celebrated in the sacred city of Varanasi is a delight to the eyes. All the Ghats of Varanasi are decorated with the thousands of diyas. The enchanting sight that the city presents is a spectacle to behold. It is considered as a ritual to immerse the diyas into the flowing waters of the pious Ganga River. Ramlila is organized in various parts of the city that acquaints the people about the rich culture, tradition and history of the place. The kids dress themselves in the form various Ramayana or mythological characters such as the Rama, Lakshmana, Sita, Hanuman and so on. This kind of the events certainly helps the people to know about the importance of the festival.
In Tamil Nadu, the homes are cleaned and magnificently decorated with the wonderful rangoli patterns. On the day of Diwali, all the members of the family make it a point to take an oil bath just before the sunrise. It is believed that taking an oil bath is same as taking a bath in the River Ganga. After the bath, new clothes are worn and sweets are distributed among all the members of the family. In the evening, after the puja of the Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha, crackers are burst and lip-smacking meals such as the sambhar, boondhi, idli, ukkarai are enjoyed.