( General Information
Krishna, the popular incarnation of Vishnu, is believed to have
been born in Mathura.
This area, popularly known as Brij Bhoomi, is a major pilgrimage
place for Hindus and this area is closely linked with many episodes
in Krishna early life. The region is richly interwoven with the
legend of Krishna, kept alive today by millions of devotees who
look upon him as the most endearing incarnation of Lord Vishnu,
and by specific locations associated with the legend. Mathura's
history dates back to atleast 600 BC and archaeological remains
have testified its importance. It was of significance during the
Mauryan era and received great stimulus under Emperor Ashoka.
Later, under the Kushans it became a centre of trade and learning,
and was practically their southern capital during the first two
centuries AD. The earliest sculptural art of india, which is Buddhist,
emerged in this region. Mathura, and Braj Bhoomi region, is also
important for its festivals in which Lord Krishna forms the principal
theme and are distinct to the area. Holi, Janmashtami, Radha Ashtami,
Kans Vadh, Yam Dwitiya and Hariyali Teej are some which revolve
around Lord Krishna and his most famous consort, Radha. Nearby
is Vrindavan, 15 km away, is also integral to the legend of Krishna.
This is where Lord Krishna played his flute and sported with the
gopis. The town was later immortalized in the poems of Mirabai,
a princess of medieval India who became an ardent devotee of Krishna.
Vrindavan is one of the most important religious centres of Hindu.
: 37.80 sq. km.
Altitude : 187 mt.
Summer : Max 45ºC, Min 21.9ºC.
Winter : Max 31.7ºC, Min 4.2ºC.
Rainfall : 63.5 cm average yearly.
Languages spoken : Hindi, English.
STD Code : 0565