The peculiar scent of the old world charm, the feeling of absolute royalness, the exquisiteness of the architecture are the things you get to savour while in Rajasthan. But, are these the only things for which Rajasthan is known for? Oh! I am not talking about the hippie vibes in Pushkar and the stunning landscapes of Jodhpur, those are pretty common things to know. I am talking about the interesting facts you should know about Rajasthan that makes this one of the finest tourist destinations in India even more amazing! Get ready to enhance your knowledge with these 100 interesting facts about Rajasthan in search of which I have put all my blood, sweat, and tears. So, let’s get started!
Rajasthan is often known as the most colour-coordinated state. The popular cities of Rajasthan are devoted to a separate colour; Jaipur is Pink, Jodhpur is Blue, Udaipur is White and Jhalawar is Purple.
One of the most beautiful things you will witness in Rajasthan is the swift change in the colour of sky and terrain. Well, it is a sight that is hard to see anywhere else, it’s true!
An unknown fact about Rajasthan is that it is the home to the oldest mountain range in India- Aravalli Range.
Rajasthan has only one hill station, Mount Abu.
Every truck in Rajasthan includes some amazing art; it could be either a funny one-liner or a Shayari or graphic art.
Talking about the history of Rajasthan, Kalibangan, a place in the state reveals that it is the world’s earliest attested ploughed field. This means that the place has been a part of the world’s oldest civilization – Indus Valley Civilization.
India’s only saline river, Luni, flows through the Thar Desert in Rajasthan and concludes in the Rann of Kutch, Gujarat.
There are three UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Rajasthan – Keoladeo National Park, Jantar Mantar of Jaipur and Hill Forts of Rajasthan which include Chittor Fort, Kumbhalgarh Fort, Ranthambore Fort, Gagron Fort, Amer Fort, Jaisalmer Fort.
Kuldhara in Jaisalmer district is an abandoned town in Rajasthan. The interesting thing to know here is that the town is said to abandoned overnight in the 1800s.
The signature Palace on Wheels train operating in Rajasthan, is one of the world’s most luxurious trains.
Kumbhal Fort on Aravalli Range includes a 38 km long wall, and hence, is the world’s second largest wall complex after the Great Wall of China. Btw, the fort is also the second largest of its kind in Rajasthan.
Talking about the largest fort of Rajasthan, Chittor Fort, also known as Chittorgarh, is on the top.
As per the ancient scriptures, Pushkar is also home to the only Lord Brahma temple in the world.
Rajasthan is the largest state of India by area with the total area of 34,239 sq km.
It was formed in the year 1949 by merging 22 royal kingdoms and principalities.
The capital city of Rajasthan, Jaipur, was founded by Maharaja Jai Singh II in the year 1727. However, before Jaipur, Amber was the capital of the state under the reign of Maharaja Jai Singh II.
The state shares its boundary with five states – Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.
The state also has a unique topology which includes infertile land in the west (mainly deserts) and the fertile land in the east.
Despite being a desert land, Rajasthan is not all about sand. There are also lush green pastures.
The literal meaning of the term ‘Rajasthan’ means The Land of Kings where ‘Raj’ refers to Kings and ‘Sthan’ stands for the place.
Rajasthan is the place where you can get the sights of camels like any other cattle.
Talking about camels, Bikaner hosts the International Camel Fair every year in the month of January.
There are numerous Jain sacred sites in India. Of all those, Dilwara Temple is the most beautiful Jain pilgrimage centre which is located in Mount Abu, Rajasthan.
On the walls of almost every house, there is some kind of art. It could be an ad of cement or cycle or kitchenware.
Every year, in the month of October/November, the town of Pushkar hosts one of the largest livestock fairs in India – The Pushkar Fair, also known as Pushkar Camel Fair.
Karni Mata Temple in Deshnoke is one of the unique pilgrimage sites in Rajasthan. The shrine is known as home to more than 25,000 black rats. These rats are considered sacred, and hence, devotees offer them milk and other food items.
Another quirky temple in Rajasthan is the Bullet Baba Temple in Pali district. Can you guess the presiding deity? Well, it’s the Indian origin motorbike – Bullet.
Hawa Mahal of Jaipur serves as the iconic symbol of Rajasthan. Built of pink sandstone, this historical monument is known for its magnificent architecture which includes a total of 953 windows.
Kachchi Ghodi is a traditional dance form of Rajasthan which you must have seen at some place or on television. The dance is performed with a dummy horse which is tied on the waste of a dancer. Now, you remember it, isn’t it?
In the Jaisalmer district, Pokhran is a city where India’s first nuclear test was conducted in the year 1974. The famous Bollywood movie ‘Pokhran’ depicts the true story of the entire operation.
Mehrangarh Fort of Jodhpur is one of the significant tourist attractions in Rajasthan. The fort has been featured in both Bollywood and Hollywood movies including The Dark Knight Rises (2012), The Jungle Book (1994) and Awarapan (2007).
Talking about Mehrangarh Fort, the Loha Pol Gate has 15 small handprints of the widows of Maharaja Man Singh. The handprints were made by his wives before immolated themselves on Maharaja’s funeral pyre.
Mandodari, the wife of Ravana from the Hindu epic, Ramayana, was from the ancient town of Mandore, Rajasthan.
Jantar Mantar in Jaipur is the home to the world’s largest stone sundial. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site with a rich collection of 19 architectural astronomical instruments.
For couples, Rajasthan is one of the much-loved places for a destination wedding as well as for the honeymoon.
In Jhunjhunu district, there is a small town called Mandawa which lies on the silk route to China. The town is home to numerous fabulous havelis that were built by the merchants. These havelis serve as the open-air art galleries as they are beautifully adorned with paintings of various themes on internal as well as external walls.
Besides being a historical place, Rajasthan is also an ideal hideout for wildlife buffs. In total, the state houses 25 wildlife sanctuaries and 5 national parks.
Of those numerous national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in Rajasthan, Ranthambore National Park is the perfect place to spot the ferocious Royal Bengal Tiger. The park is also reckoned amongst the top national parks with high tiger density.
Rajasthan is home to numerous heritage hotels that were once the home of Maharajas.
You can also live a royal life in the state by opting to stay in any of the heritage hotels in Rajasthan. Some of the most popular hotels are Taj Lake Palace in Udaipur, Rambagh Palace in Jaipur, Shiv Niwas Palace in Udaipur and Gorbandh Palace in Jaisalmer.
For bird lovers, Keoladeo National Park is a perfect stopover near Bharatpur, Rajasthan. The national park has more than 370 species of birds, and hence, the place is touted as the ‘Paradise of Birds’.
When it comes Indian state with the highest number of forts, Rajasthan stands second on the list after Maharashtra. The state has more than 45 forts.
The vibrant state of Rajasthan proudly houses the largest desert of India, which is the Thar Desert, also known as The Great Indian Desert. Not just this, the desert is also the world’s 17th largest desert and 9th largest subtropical desert.
There are very few people who are aware of the connection between Rajasthan and Taj Mahal. Wondering what? The white marble used in the Taj Mahal was mined from Makarna of Nagaur district, Rajasthan.
Not just this, Rajasthan is also India’s second largest source of Cement.
Despite being a desert land, Rajasthan boats a unique fact which says that it is one of the top five Indian states with the maximum number of lakes.
The state is also home to the largest inland Salt Lake in India, which is the Sambhar Salt Lake in the Thar Desert.
The enthralling wildlife of Rajasthan also includes Desert National Park located near the towns of Barmer and Jaisalmer. It is one of the largest parks in India.
Far away from city life, one of the most interesting things to do in Rajasthan is dune bashing. Yes, you can hope into a 4X4 vehicle and relish the off-road experience on the sand dunes of the region.
The best way to enjoy the desert safari in Rajasthan is the traditional way, which is through a camel ride.
For every art and culture lover, Shilpgram Museum is the place which can’t be missed out while vacationing in Rajasthan. Unlike any other ordinary museum, it is an entire village which has converted into a museum in order to promote traditional art and culture of India.
If you are in Jaipur, an elephant ride up to Amer Fort is a must-have experience that completes a Jaipur tour.
Rajasthan is also one of the main shopping centres of India, mainly for traditional handicrafts and jewellery.
The state is the hub of hand cutting gems and jewellery industry. Whether you want gold jewellery, silver jewellery, kundan, carved trinket or meena, Rajasthan is the place where you can find them and that too in unique designs and patterns.
Talking about shopping, the state is one of the main centres to buy miniature paintings in India, also known as Mughal paintings.
Not just this, the region is also very much famous for its blue pottery. It is one of the most famous artworks of Rajasthan.
If handicrafts aren’t enough to please you then the amazing spice markets of Rajasthan must be. The state is also entitled as the ‘King of Spices’. Clock Tower Market in Jodhpur and Tea and Spice Market in Udaipur are popular markets to buy some aromatic spices.
Rajasthan is often touted as the synonym of ‘Puppet’. It’s no surprise if you find puppet shows organizing on every other street in any of the city of Rajasthan. That’s an important part of their culture.
If hot air balloon ride in your bucket list, then Rajasthan is one of those few Indian states that will help you to get a step closer in completing the bucket list. Jaipur, Pushkar and Ranthambore are the places where the hot air balloon rides can be arranged.
Forts and palaces in Rajasthan are not the only historical delights. Every year, in the month of February, the capital city of Jaipur hosts Vintage Car Rally where you can see some fabulous beauties of yesteryears. The rally is also organized in the city of Jodhpur.
Elephants have always been an integral part of the royal life of Rajasthan. And while holidaying in Rajasthan, you can have the opportunity to watch these imposing creatures in altogether a new avatar, which is playing polo.
A beautiful tradition sport in India is Kite Flying which is still very much enjoyed in all regions of Rajasthan. Every year, in the month of January, Jaipur hosts an International Kite Festival.
Apart from elephants and camels, the royals of Rajasthan are also very fond of horses. Hence, horse riding is also one of the most important and traditional things to do in Rajasthan.
A tour to Rajasthan is incomplete without experiencing the rich culture and tradition of Rajasthan. And for that, Chokhi Dhani is the perfect place to be. The interesting fact here is that the place is an ethnic resort that treats you with Rajasthani folk dances, music food and much more.
People in Rajasthan are very welcoming and fun-loving, and hence, the place seems like a home away from home. They not just welcome you with an open heart but also coax you to have a meal with them.
Such is the unique culture of Rajasthan that you will the women in ghoonghat (veil) and men with long moustaches.
Heads of Rajasthani Men can be seen adorning with huge Pagari (turbans) the size of which varies as per the weather condition of a region. A conventional Rajasthani turban is usually 8 inches wide and 82 inches long.
Another interesting fact related to Rajasthani turban is that Bagore Ki Haveli in Udaipur houses the world’s biggest pagri on display. It’s a 151-inch turban.
These women can be seen wearing sarees of different shades of colours. And this makes them at their fashionable best; be it fluorescent green, bright orange, bright pink or sea blue, they have a huge collection of clothes in every colour.
Not just this, women in Rajasthan are also very fond of jewellery, and hence, each of their body parts is adorned with some sort of jewellery.
Talking about moustaches, the man (Ram Singh) with the world’s longest moustache is an Indian who hailed from Jaipur.
Taj Lake Palace in Udaipur and Jal Mahal in Jaipur are two most popular historical sites in Rajasthan that are known for the exotic craftsmanship of the bygone era. The interesting thing to know here is that both the palaces are located in the middle of a lake.
Lake Pichola is arguably the most exotic tourist sites in Udaipur which seems to be naturally blessed. However, you would be amazed to know that it is an artificial lake which was built in the year 1362 AD.
As per tourism data of 2015, Rajasthan stands on the 5th place on the list of top 10 states and union territories of India in the number of foreign tourist visit in the same year.
Similarly, the data of 2015 also revealed that Rajasthan is on the 10th place on the list of top 10 Indian states and union territories in the number of domestic tourist visit in the same year.
In terms of the maximum number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Rajasthan is on the joint second place with Delhi, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh with 3 heritage sites. Maharashtra tops the list with 5 heritage sites.
The traditional Rajasthani food includes chapati, rice and vegetables with some extra spice. But above all that, Daal Baati Churma is the signature dish of Rajasthan.
Apart from the spicy and tangy delecacies, the state of Rajasthan is also famous for several sweet delecacies including phini, ghewar, gujia, rasgullas, and jalebis.
Being a desert place, there is a misconception amongst people that the temperature of the state remains hot and humid throughout the year which is not the case. The state witnesses all the three seasons – summer, monsoon and winter. And yes, it rains here as well!
Rajasthan has more than 8 types of folk dances, each has a unique style.
Rajasthan is also a popular pilgrimage site in India. Khatushyam Temple in Sikar, Chishti Dargah in Ajmer, Brahma Temple in Pushkar, Shri Nakoda Parshwanath Temple in Barmer and Dilwara Temple in Mount Abu are just a few named in the long list of religious sites in Rajasthan.
For a luxury vacation in Rajasthan, you don’t need to have a royal stay in a heritage hotel. The best alternative way for that is to choose a desert camping. There is an unknown fact about Rajasthan that travellers must know is that this beautiful state is undoubtedly the most exotic place for a desert camping in India.
Being an all-in-one destination, Rajasthan also proffers tourists an opportunity to trek. Yes, the state also has various trekking trails that are comparatively difficult from other places because of the hot and dry weather. Mount Abu and Alwarare the two best trekking places in Rajasthan.
Above all this, don’t be surprised if I say you can also do boating in Rajasthan. Fateh Sagar Lake and Lake Pichola in Udaipur, Siliserh Lake in Alwar, Gadsisar Lake in Jaisalmer and Nakki Lake in Mount Abu are the popular boating sites in Rajasthan.
One of the lesser-known facts about Rajasthan is that it is also a nice adventure destination in India. For thrill lovers, the state includes zip lining and fox flying. These activities can be enjoyed at two different places – Mehrangarh Fort in Jaipur and Neemrana Fort.
Apart from lavish resorts and royal heritage, rural tourism is something that also draws a large crowd of tourist to the state. Khuri, Bishnoi, Bijaipur, Khimsar and Madawa are some popular villages and major attractions in Rajasthan.
In Rajasthan, there is a tribe called Kalbeliya which is known for their amazing dance. Watch the Kalbeliya men playing the flute and defanging the snakes while the lovely women dance to the tone of the flute.
There are many ways to explore the Pink City of Jaipur. But above all the ways, Jaipur through a bicycle is the best way to explore the city.
Raj Mandir Cinema is an opulent movie theatre that has changed the concept of movie hall in Jaipur. Unlike the ordinary movie theatre, Raj Mandir boasts a beautiful meringue-style architecture which keeps its class apart.
The traditional art of Rajasthan also includes block printing. And to relish some great artwork of block printing in Rajasthan, Anokhi Museum of Hand Printing in Jaipur is the best place to be.
Rajasthan is the proud host to one of the largest cattle fairs in India – Nagaur Fair. Observed in the month of January – February in the city of Nagaur, the fair is all about beautifully decorated animals, folk dances, music and much more.
The variety of music you will get to savour while travelling in a cab in Rajasthan is totally different from the latest chartbusters. Every cab driver here has its collection of either traditional songs or Bollywood classical songs.
At present, Jaisalmer Fort is the only inhabited fort in the world. A huge mass of the population is still living in this fort.
Jaipur happens to be the first planned city of India in the pre-independence era. Under the reign of Sawai Man Singh II, the city was designed by a Bengali architect – Purohit Vidyadhar Bhattacharya.
Horses from Jodhpur are considered to be the rare breed of horse that comes in all equine colours.
National parks in Rajasthan – Sariska, Ranthambore, Keoladeo, Desert and Mukundra Hills, do not have elephants.
These are some important facts about the state of Rajasthan that travellers must know before planning a trip to this incredible land. However, there must be plenty of more such interesting facts that can only be known by those interesting stories and legends of locals. And for that, you have to pay a visit to this beaut state.
So hurry up, pack your bag and hit the road leading to Rajasthan! Khamma Ghani!