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Increase in Tiger Population in Ranthambore Tiger Reserve and Its Consequences

Reports are coming that there is a rise in tiger population in Ranthambore Tiger Reserve. According to official data, there is a 45% growth in tiger population in the last eight years. The good news will boost the wildlife tourism in the park in the coming seasons as well as open a new direction in tiger conservation in India. Let’s have a read of the news in detail and all of its related information.

Rising Tiger Population and Its Consequences

The vast wildlife reserve area of the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve has now become insufficient due to the rising population of tigers. As the number of tigers have increased, the situation has been challenging the forest officials and the wildlife experts with some consequences.

  • As per the officials, around 12 adult tigers between the age of three to five years have been moving in the periphery of RTR as they are not able to mark their own territory.
  • The situation has been posing a threat to the nearby human areas of the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve.
  • The 12 moving tigers are becoming prone to illegal activities like poaching in the coming days.
  • There are also chances of disappearance of the tigers as they are facing death due to the infighting with each other.
  • The wildlife experts, besides being happy with the rising population, are also pointing out that it is also a matter of concern for the reserves as they are already beyond capacity.
  • Not only for RTR, in general there is a huge pressure on the outside areas of tiger corridors owing to the ongoing development projects.
  • As per an official “Increase in tiger population with the shrinking geographical area can be dangerous.”

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Tigers Moving in the Periphery of the Reserve

Ranthambore National Park Tigers

Tigers are dominant territorial species and they do not allow another feline in their own territory. These 12 tigers are suspected to be pushed out by the stronger tigers in the reserve. The field director of the tiger reserve, Sedu Ram Yadav said while commenting on the reports of the rising tiger population in Ranthambore, “The concern is not just that these tigers are moving in the periphery but if they disperse outside during monsoon, it will bring them in contact with human settlements.”

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The Area of RTR Becomes Insufficient

Ranthambore National Park Rajasthan Tiger

There is a 45% growth in the tiger population in Ranthambore National Park in the last eight years. In 2014, there were a total of 59 tigers, and the number becomes 86 in 2022. Reportedly, 86 tigers have been living in the 1,334 square kilometres area of the reserve, making it the third most congested tiger reserve after Corbett National Park and Kaziranga National Park, the other two popular tiger reserves in India.

Disappearances of Tigers in last few years

There are also imposing chances of the tigers disappearing due to other reasons. In the last few years, a total of 13 big cats in India went missing including male tigers T-47, T-42, T-62, T-64, T-95, T-97, and female tigers T-72, T-73 and along with her three cubs, and T-92. This could be a reason for illegal activities or deaths due to the clashes between the tigers living in the same territory.

Steps Taken by the Officials

  • The authority has enhanced 24×7 security in the park and the periphery area by installing camera traps in the movements of 12 mentioned tigers as poaching or other illegal activities cannot be ruled out.
  • The security has also been tightened as there are chances of them becoming close to the nearby human areas.
  • As per another senior official, the increasing big cat population in Ranthambore leading to making the reserve a congested one is not a new challenge for them.
  • They are also suggesting shifting some tigers to other reserves. And the relocation process has already started with shifting T-102 to Ramgarh Vishdhari Tiger Reserve, a newly declared tiger reserve in Bundi, Rajasthan.
  • Ramgarh Vishdhari Tiger Reserve has been notified to be made into a tiger reserve by the state government as a further step taken in tiger conservation in May 2022.

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Frequently Asked Questions

As per the official data, how many tigers are moving in the periphery of Ranthambore Tiger Reserve?

There are a total of 12 adult tigers, aged between three to five, moving in the periphery of the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve.

Why are tigers moving in the periphery of RTR?

Basically, tigers are dominant territorial animals and they do not allow other felines in their own marked area. The 12 adult tigers are supposedly pushed out by stronger tigers from their areas and that’s why they are moving to the periphery.

What could be the main reason for tigers moving in the periphery?

The main reason is the rising population of tigers in the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve, which leads to a total of 86 big cats living in an area of 1,334 square kilometres. There is a 45% growth in the population in the last eight years. In 2014, there were 59 tigers, and now the number becomes 86 in 2022.

What could be the possible aftermath of these 12 tigers moving in the periphery of RTR?

As the tigers are moving in the periphery of RTR, it is posing a threat to the nearby human areas. As per an official of the reserve, if they disperse outside during monsoon, it will bring them in contact with human settlements. Also, they are becoming prone to illegal activities like poaching in the coming days. The park authority has tightened 24x7 security in the park. They also installed camera traps in the movements of the targeted tigers.

Published: 19 Jul, 2022

About the author

Nandini Bhattacharya

From the ‘City of Joy,’ Kolkata, Nandini Bhattacharya is a Travel Writer by profession and traveller by passion. She loves to explore places around the world, new cultures, different cuisines and all new things that one can learn outside the home. She also loves to document her journey so that people can be inspired and travel more. Nandini is a nature lover and talks about sustainable tourism. She wants to make this world a good place where people can live healthy and happily.