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Jallianwala Bagh – Memorial of India’s Greatest Historical Tragedy

“Let’s dig deep into Brutal History…. Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Park is a must visit place to witness the imprints of the brutal event of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.”

In the entire Indian history perhaps the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre is the greatest of all historical tragedies. At present Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Park is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Amritsar, Punjab but instead of bringing happy memories, the park is a memorial of hundreds of unarmed Indian men, women and children who were killed by the British Army brutally in 1919.  If you are planning a trip to Amritsar, Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Park is a must visit place to witness the imprints of the brutal event of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.

Venue of the Park

The Park was shut down in 2019 for renovation but now it has been renovated to lure the attention of tourists to give them a great insight on the history of the incident. The new structure has been built over 1.5 acres of land at Anand Amrit Park in Ranjit Avenue Locality.

This blog will give you a glimpse and great insight on this one-of-a-kind Tourist attraction Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Park which is of great historical and universal value.

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History of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

Jallianwala Bagh Memorial Park History

At the heart of Amritsar Town, Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Park is a place where about 2000 Indians were shot dead brutally by the hands of British soldiers led by General’ O Dyer. This incident is known as the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. According to the historical records, on the eve of the Punjabi Harvest festival of Baisakhi around 15000 people gathered to celebrate this festival. Apart from that there were some people who came for a peaceful demonstration against Rowlett Act which was an act about stricter control of press and arrests without warrant. The British officials came to know about this information and with the orders of General O’ Dyer surrounded the park with Rifles and shot the men, women and even children brutally.

Things to Know About Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Park -New

  • A second memorial at the site of the Brutal Massacre is a symbol of honor to unknown Martyrs who lost their life in the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
  • The entire monument of the park has undergone changes. All the sides of Shaheedi Khu are decked with toughened glass.
  • Four new galleries have been established which will give you a great insight on the story of Massacre and also the working of the Empire in Punjab.
  • Unused storehouses of the park have been changed into administrative buildings and a 100-seat theatre.
  • Officially known 488 Martyr’s names have been inscribed on black and grey granite stone walls of the memorial.
  • The five white stone pillars of the Martyrs symbolize their spirit flying high in the Sky.
  • A 28-minute Sound and light show has been set up to display the events of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre which took place on April 13, 1919.
  • The lotus pond has been built around the main memorial of the park.
  • Sculpture of Guru Nanak Dev Sikh warrior Banda Singh Bahadur, and a statue of Maharaja Ranjit Singh has been added.

Things to Know About Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Park -Old

  • There is an eternal flame in the old park called Amar Jyoti in the Park which burn throughout the day and night 24*7.
  • The old Jallianwala Bagh Memorial Park has a flowery Garden which is a very popular picnic spot. A courtyard and a small pyramid in the garden mark the location from where the soldiers fired shots to kill people.
  • The Light and Sound Show is the center of attraction of the park which re-enacts the story of Massacre narrated from Udham Singh’s perspective in the voice of Amitabh Bachachan.
  • The Flame of Liberty in the old park was established to respect the sacrifices of the Martyrs.

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Best Time to Visit Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Park

Best Time to Visit Jallianwala Bagh

You can visit Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Park at any time of the year. During Summer the temperature in Amritsar is extreme to bear for sightseeing. So, the best time to visit this park is during the months of October to November and February to March.

Jallianwala Bagh Highlight

The Jallianwala Bagh complex in Amritsar is managed by Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Trust. Photography is allowed in the premises but photography of the Martyr’s Gallery is prohibited.

Tourist Attractions to Visit Near Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Park

Harmandir Sahib /Golden Temple – Golden Temple is one of the most popular tourist attractions to visit near Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Park. It has the largest kitchens in the world which offers delicious langer to the devotees. Devotees from all across the world come here to seek divine blessings. It is the major attraction in the city of Amritsar.

Partition Museum – Situated near Jallianwala Bagh, Partition Museum is the most popular Tourist attraction in Amritsar which is another epitome of our glorious Indian History. You will get all the insights on the partition of India and Pakistan and the riots that followed.

Punjab State War Heroes Memorial and Museum- Not very far from Jallianwala Bagh Memorial Park is the must visit tourist attraction, Punjab State War Heroes Memorial and Museum. It showcases the history of the brave heroes and soldiers of Punjab. The light and Sound show here displays the story of the British Era and Post independent war zones.

Durgiana Temple – You must visit Durgiana Temple in your Amritsar Tour. The temple resembles the Golden Temple and is dedicated to Goddess Durga. The temple was built in the 16th century.

Gobindgarh Fort – Gobindgarh Fort is the pride and symbol of Punjab. It is said that at one time the most famous Kohinoor diamond was housed within the fort complex. It is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Amritsar. The fort was occupied by the British army earlier and the Indian Army later.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum – Situated in the gorgeous Ram Bagh Garden of Amritsar, Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum is one of the best museums to visit in Punjab. If you are visiting Amritsar, it is one of the best places to visit near Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial.  This museum used to be the summer palace of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. It showcases the life and times of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

Wagah Border – Wagah Border is a must-see tourist attraction in Amritsar. It is an international border between India and Pakistan. You will witness the most alluring spectacle of Indian and Pakistani forces marching in a perfect drill in harmony, followed by lowering of flags of both the nations. It is known as ‘Beating the Retreat Ceremony’. It is one of the top things to see in Amritsar.

The Story of Jallianwala Bagh is a saga of Sacrifice of unknown heroes of Punjab which will be remembered forever. It is a great initiative from the government to rebuild and renovate the past of Martyrs to give a great insight to the Indian Freedom struggle and to make them conscious of the efforts and sacrifice done by the heroes of the nation. The purpose of travelling to Amritsar will be incomplete if you haven’t seen this place. If you have any query, you can ask in the comment Section.

Glimpses from the Renovated Jallianwala Bagh Smarak

Jallianwala Bagh Smarak

Jallianwala Bagh Smarak

Jallianwala Bagh Smarak

Jallianwala Bagh Smarak

Jallianwala Bagh Smarak

Jallianwala Bagh Smarak

Jallianwala Bagh Smarak

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Frequently Asked Questions

Q.What is the entry fee of Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Park?

The entry to the Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Park is free of Charge.

Q.Where is the second Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Park situated?

The second Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Park is situated in Anand Amrit Park in Ranjit Avenue Locality.

Q.What are the top tourist attractions to visit near Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Complex?

The top tourist attractions to visit near Jallianwala Bagh Memorial Complex are:

  • Golden Temple
  • Gobindgarh Fort
  • Wagah Border
  • Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum
  • Partition Museum
  • Durgiana Temple
  • Punjab State War Heroes Memorial and Museum

Q.Why is Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Park famous?

Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Park is of great historical and universal value for the nation as it is a place where many innocent men, women and even children were brutally killed by British soldiers in the year 1919 under the instructions of a British General - General O’ Dyer British Army.

Q.What are some important tips before travelling to Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Park?

  • Golden Temple is located near Jallianwala Bagh Centenary Memorial Park so it is very advised to dress decently. People might get offended by short sleeve dresses and shorts. However, there is no dress code.
  • Beware of Pickpockets
  • There is no need to hire any guide as the monuments and galleries of the park are self-explanatory.
  • You need to maintain proper social distance by following all the government laid covid-19 guidelines for your safety.

Published: 10 Sep, 2021

About the author

Pallavi Roy

She is a candle who burns and melts in the chaos of infinity, from where her visceral whistles and leaves an imprint of desire in her heart to know the map of an Island where there are different sunrises and sunsets. Her curiosity brightens to conquer the hearts unrelieved and sometimes mysterious. Her name is - Pallavi Roy - A traveller by soul and a writer by Profession.