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Uttarakhand General Information

Uttarakhand became the 27th state of the Republic of India on the 9th of November 2000. The State is carved out of Uttar Pradesh. It occupies 17.3% of India’s total land area with 51,125 sq. km. It has a population of about 6.0 million at 94.4 per sq. km. It borders Tibet, Nepal, Himachal Pradesh.

Uttarakhand also has the largest number of tourist destinations - this state is the source of the sacred Ganga river, high in the mountains, and the spiritual and physical life source of India. The mighty Himalayas straddle the state, on its northern borders, and are widely believed to be throne of Gods. The Gangetic Plains forms three fourth of the state. Along with the holy places of Hinduism, this region has also distinctively shaped the development of Buddhism and Islam. For a traveller, a simple division would be the Hills and the Plains.

GARHWAL REGION
Chamoli
Dehradun
Haridwar
Pauri
Rudraprayag
Tehri Garhwal
Uttarkashi

KUMAON REGION
Almora
Bageshwar
Champawat
Nainital
Pithoragarh
Udham Singh-Nagar

State Capital
Nestled in the mountain ranges of the Himalaya, Dehradun is the Capital of Uttarakhand. It is one of the most beautiful resort in the submountain tracts of India, known for its scenic surroundings. The town lies in the Dun Valley, on the watershed of the Ganga and Yamuna rivers. The name Dehradun is a collection of two word "dera" meaning Camp and "dun" meaning valley. Some of the best public schools and convents are housed here. The Indian Military Academy, The Forest Research Institute, ONGC and many more offices of Central and State Govt. are also situated here.

Places to see
Adi Badri, Badrinath, Bhavishya Badri, Chardham, Chilla National Park, Corbett National Park

Gangotri, Gaumukh, Gopeshwar, Hemkund Sahib, Kedarnath, Muni Ki Reti, Nanda Devi National Park

Panch Prayag, Rajaji National Park, Ranikhet, Rudranath, Shitlakhet, Valley of flowers

Yamunotri, Yogdhyan Badri.

General Features

Longitude 77deg 34' 27" E to 81deg 02' 22" E
Latitude 28deg 53' 24" N to 31deg 27' 50" N
Total land area 51125 Sq. Km
Hilly area 92.57%
Plains 7.43%
Forest cover 63%
Literacy 65%

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