Shravasti or Sravasti is intimately associated with the life of
Buddha. The town located near the Rapti River in northeastern Uttar Pradesh
is said to be have been founded by the mythological king Sravast.
In Buddhist times (6th century BC-6th century AD), Shravasti was
capital of the kingdom of Kosala and was important both as a prosperous
trading centre and for its religious associations. Buddha is believed
to have spent 24 monsoons in the city. It is said that Buddha
sat on a lotus with a thousand petals and multiplied his image
a million times. A divine sight that silenced his critics. Age-old
stupas, majestic monasteries and several temples near the village
of Sahet-Mahet, highlight Buddha's association with Shravasti.
An important religious site is the Jetavana Monastery, which was
erected in a garden outside the walls of the city and presented
to the Buddha by a wealthy banker, Anathapinaka. Other important
Buddhist monasteries were the Rajakarama and the Purvarama. An
exquisite garden here has the famous 'Anandabodhi' tree - an offspring
of one said to be planted by Buddha's main disciple Ananda. The
'Sobhanath' temple is believed to be the birth place of Jain tirthankar
'Sambhavanath' making Shravasti an important centre for the Jainas.
The city has been identified with the twin villages of Saheth
and Maheth northwest of Balrampur. Today it is surrounded by a
great rampart of earth and brick. Excavation has been undertaken
by the Archaeological Survey of India.
Devi Patan Temple : 28 Km. One of the most important Shaktipeeth
in the entire region, it is revered by Hindu devotees of India
Shobhanath Temple : The `Shobhanath' temple is believed
to be the birth place of Jain tirthankar 'Sambhavanath', making
Shravasti an important centre for the Jains.
Identified with the remains of the city, Maheth covers an area
of about 400 acres. Excavations have exposed the massive gates
of the city, ramparts and also the ruins of other structures,
which stand testimony to the prosperity of ancient Sravasti. The
Sobhanath Temple is located here. Pakki Kuti and Kacchi Kuti were
probably Buddhist shrines, before they were converted into Brahmanical
Known primarily as the site of the Jetavana monastery, Saheth
covers an area of 32 acres. Lying about a quarter of a mile to
the south - west of Maheth, it became an important place of pilgrimage,
adorned with numerous shrines, stupas and monasteries. The stupas
belong mostly to the Kushana period, while the temples are in
the Gupta style.
Air : The nearest airport is at Lucknow (134 km).
Rail : Sravasti is 18 km from the nearest railhead, Balrampur.
From Lucknow there are train services to Balrampur.
Road : Sravasti is accessible through roads from all the