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The State is situated in Northern part of India and is surrounded
by Tibet & Nepal in the North, Madhya Pradesh in the South,
Haryana, Delhi & Rajasthan in the West and Bihar in the East.
Often referred to as the cow belt or Hindi belt, Uttar Pradesh
has been the most dominant state in Indian politics and culture
since Independence, producing over half of India's prime ministers.
This is partly because it's the nation's most populous - it has
as many inhabitants as Brazil - and partly because of the central
role the region plays in the religious landscape of Hindus. The
Ganges River, which forms the backbone of Uttar Pradesh, is the
sacred river of Hinduism, and four of the religion's seven holy
towns are in the state, including Varanasi, the holiest of them
all. Uttar Pradesh is also a places of major importance to Buddhists
for it was at Sarnath, just outside Varanasi, that the Buddha
first preached his message of the middle way. Most of Uttar Pradesh
consists of the vast Ganges plain, an area of awesome flatness
which often floods dramatically during the monsoon .
Over 2000 years ago the area that became Uttar Pradesh was part
of Ashoka's great Buddhist empire. Muslim raids from the north-west
began in the 11th century, and by the 16th century the region
was part of the famed Mughal empire whose capital was for some
time at Agra and Fatehpur Sikri. Following the decline of the
Mughal empire, the nawabs of Avadh rose to prominence in the central
part of the region and were responsible for turning Lucknow into
a flourishing center for the arts. When the British East India
Company deposed the last nawab, the Uprising of 1857 began at
Meerut, and its most tragic events took place in Lucknow and Kanpur.
Agra was later merged with Avadh and the state became known as
United Provinence. It was renamed Uttar Pradesh (Northern State)
after Independence, and is often known simply as U.P.
Ganga, Yamuna, Ramganga, Gomati and Ghaghara.
Main Tourist and Historical Places
Agra, Varanasi, Lucknow, Chitrakoot, etc.
Main Religious Places : Kashi, Prayag, Ayodhya, Mathura,
Shaktipeeth, Vindhyavasini Devi Temple, Devi Patan, Reeda-meeth
Saheb, Deva Sharif, etc.
Main Folklores : Birha, Chaiti, Dhola, Kajari, Rasia,
Alha, Puran Bhagat, Bhartrihari.
Main Folk dances : Karma, Chanchali, Chapeli, Chholia, Pandav,
Vadi-Vadin, Lang and Bhaila.
Main Handicrafts : Chikan work, Zari work, Wooden toys
and furniture, Terracotta toys and Brass work.