( Palamu Tiger Reserve )
25 km from Daltonganj
Area: 1026 sq. Km
Speciality: Tigers, Leopards
Best Time: All the year
WILD AT ITS WILDEST
Spread over an area of approximately 1026 sq. km., Palamau Tiger
Reserve is located within the civil administrative district of Palamau
in the South Chhotanagpur plateau of Bihar. The undulating terrain
is set off by sal forests and thickets of bamboo. The circuitous
Koel River and its tributaries meander through the park.
has the distinction of being the forest where the world's first
tiger census was conducted by way of pugmarks, in 1934. Large herds
of Gaur & Chital are commonly seen. Elephants are present mostly
after the monsoon upto the time when the water holes begin to dry
up in March. Tiger, Panther, Sloth Bear, Wild Bear, Sambar, Nilgai,
Deer are also permanent residents.
National Park is now a part of one of nine tiger reserves in India,
under "Project Tiger. Man-animal conflicts, caused largely
by elephants are a major problem and pose Project Tiger with one
of its greatest challenges.
THE WILD POPULATION
Situated in the lndo-Malayan realm, Palamau is rich in flora and
fauna. The tiger and panther comprise a significant part of the
jungle population. Amongst the predators besides the tiger are leopards,
wolves, wild dogs and jungle cats. Sloth bear, four horned antelope
and mouse dear are some of the herbivores. Sambar, chinkara, dhole,
wild bear are also found in good numbers.
main inhabitants of the Palamau are the tiger, the Indian wolf,
leopard, elephant, gaur, sambar, muntjac and nilgai. The sight of
large herds of gaur and chital around the reserve along with the
groups of pachyderms, is very common especially near the waterholes.
The entire area has a good distribution of bamboo breaks. The herbarium
recently prepared by the Tiger Reserve authority records a good
number of medicinal plants. The western part of the Reserve is composed
of dry deciduous forests and the other part shows characters of
moist mixed deciduous nature.
There are good motorable roads inside the park that offer the motorists
a close view of the wild in the dense forests. Providing excellent
opportunities for observing the animals, without causing any disturbance,
There are two towers and a tree top tower.
are ground level hides as well for photographers to capture the
Adding to the beauty of the reserve are the cascading waterfalls
and hot springs. The place is dotted with historical monuments and
a fort nestled deep in the forest. A one-time seat of the famed
Chero Rajas, Palamau's past history is still visible
in the form of its mighty forts, standing on the banks of the Koel
and Auranga rivers of Chota Nagpur.
Nearest airport Ranchi is 161 kms away from Betla.
The nearest railhead is at Daltonganj 25 kms from Betla. And
the second nearest railway station is Ranchi 161 kms from Betla.
motorable road connects Betla to nearby cities.
Area: 1026 sq.km
Buffer Zone: 813 sq.km
Core Area: 213 sq.km
Tourist Zone: 35 sq.km
Established as a tiger reserve in: June 1974
Altitude: 300 - 1140 meters
Temerature: Summer (Max : 47.0) (Min : 28.0 ) ,Winter (Max :
23.0)(Min : 7.0 )