name itself is derived from the Sanskrit word 'Asoma', meaning peerless.
The land of Assam, is in fact, peerless, judging by her exquisite
natural beauty, cultural richness and human wealth. Assam has a
rich legacy of culture and civilisation behind her. Home to different
races of men - Austric, Mongolian, Dravidian, and Aryan, who came
to dwell in these hills at different points of time. Assam has developed
a composite culture of variegated colour.
the land of hills and valleys, the land of the mighty river Brahmaputra,
the land of Mother Goddess Kamakhya, lies in the northeastern corner
has four well defined seasons in a year. Summer, monsoon, winter
and spring-- these four seasons presents Assam in different moods.
The best time to visit Assam is during the winters and spring seasons.
October to April offer a mild and moderate climate. Assam is never
extremely cold or hot.
As the climate of Assam is not very extreme, clothing is very
simple. Winters require light woolen clothes and summers can be
enjoyed in cotton attires.
is Assam, a place which lives in different moods in different times.
Rows of ancient monuments, temples of pristine charm and ruins of
a bygone eras take you through the corridors of time. Assam has
drawn people from diverse cultures and races in different points
of time. They are the colourful people, weaving fairy tales in dresses,
singing and dancing in clouds and sunshine of pastoral life, creating
art out of life adding colour to itself.
denizens of the sylvan world add to the mystery and charm of this
weird land. Frolick of apes, graceful elephants, fluttering of wings
& singing of birds, migratory birds flying into the hills, the
majestic tiger enforcing his authority all invite you to carry back
home a little what the heaven is made of. The rhino emerges as if
from prehistory and treads the Kaziranga National park. And who
can forget lush green Tea gardens which beckon you to have a cup
of fresh tea and enjoy the enthralling music of life.
capital of Assam, is Dispur, a suburb of Guwahati in 1972. The uneven
topography of the land, full of hills, plains and rivers might,
therefore, have contributed to her name. The Mongolian Ahom dynasty
which had ruled Assam for more than six hundred years might also
be the cause for her name.
is a land with an illustrious recorded history going back to the
4th century BC. Assam was an independent kingdom throughout all
of history till the end of the first quarter of the 19th century
when the British conquered the kingdom and annexed it to British
India. The current state capital of Assam, Guwahati, known in ancient
time as Pragjyotishpura or The Eastern City of Light, was the capital
of Kamrup which finds frequent mention in the Great Hindu Epic Mahabharata
and other Sanskrit volumes and historical lores. Assam's economy
is based on agriculture and oil. Assam produces a significant part
of the total tea production of the world. Assam produces more than
half of India's petroleum.
:Tea, Petroleum, Handlooms, Sericulture, Cane, Bamboo, Carpentry,
Brass, Metal crafts
Jute, Tea, Cotton, Oil Seeds, Sugar-cane, Potatoes.
is rich in minerals. It produces 55% of the tea produced in the
country. Petroleum products are the other major contribution of
current political situation in Assam is unstable with United Liberation
of Asom (ULFA) fighting a low-intensity but wide-spread guerrilla
warfare for independence from India. Although the Indian military
has tried to quell the insurgents with a large presence for more
than ten years, they have been not very successful. There are other
militant groups who are seeking independence or autonomy in Assam.
have been consistent reports of grave human rights violations in
Assam committed primarily by the Indian military. The humidity that
is brought into Assam by the southwest monsoons, which shower an
average annual rainfall of 120 inches or more on the great Brahmaputra
valley and the surrounding region, also create spectacular sunsets
during most of the year. The monsoons are Assam's life blood; creating
a bio-diversity that can compete with the equatorial rain-forests
and painting the region with a thousand shades of green.
Assam produces almost 400 million kg tea per annum. Assam tea is
famous for its rich full bodied, bright liquor. The tea from here
is best for those who prefer a strong cup.
Area: 78,438 sq km Population: aprrox. 24,800,000
Principal Language: Assamese
Literacy Ratio: 53% No. of Districts: 24 Cities:Guwahati,
Dispur, Dibrugarh, Jorhat
Airports: Guwahati, Dibrugarh, Tejpur, Jorhat, Silchar, Rilabari.