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Andhra Pradesh

 Beaches | Cities | Festivals | Wildlife | Map | Temples | Hotels In Andhra Pradesh

Tirupati, at the foothills of tirumala, is the abode of the Lord Venkateswara one of the most venerated shrines in India. One of the oldest temples, it was patronised by Pallavas, Cholas, Pandyas and Vijayanagara kings. This place is also mentioned is the Sastras, puranas and the Sthalamahattyas. The range of the Tirumala hills, according to the Puranas, represents the body of the serpent Adisesha on which Lord Vishnu-protector of the world-rests. The seven hills represent the seven heads of the serpent. The main temple is a magnificent example of Indian temple architecture. The shrine is dedicated to Lord Vishnu in the form of Varahaswami. The splendid Vimana over sanctum sanatorium is plated with gold, as Dwajasthambam or temple, is said to be more ancient.

Other famous shrines in Tirupati town include the Shri Govindarajaswami temple and the sacred Kapila theertham Tank, where Lord Shiva is said to have appeared before the Sage Kapila. The Temple of Goddess Alivelumanga, the divine consort of Lord Venkateswara, is at Tiruchanur. Another temple dedicated to this goddess is in Sri Mangapuram, 12km from Tirupati. Chandragiri Fort, stronghold of the Vijaynagara empire, is 11 km from Tirupati. It is built on rock, 56 meter high and dates back to 1000 AD. Within its walls lie the remains of ancient palaces and temples. The Tirupati Temple is the world's richest temple. Shops around it remain open day night.

The 'holy hill' of Tirumala in the extreme south of Andhra Pradesh is one of the most important pilgrimage centres in India, and is claimed to be the busiest in the world - eclipsing number of pilgrims. Tirumala is an engrossing place where you can easily spend a whole day just wandering around. It's one of the few temples in the India which allows non-Hindus into the sanctum sanctorum but, despite this the place sees few foreign visitors.

On the flip side, because it hosts an army of pilgrims from all over India everything at Tirumala and at its service town of Tirupati, 20 km away, is organised to keep visitors fed , sheltered and moving. Most are housed in special pilgrims' choultries in both Tirupati and Tirumala. However, the private hotels and lodges are in Tirupati, so fleet of buses constantly ferries pilgrims up and down the hill between Tirupati and Tirumala from before dawn until well after dusk.

Facts of the Tirupati

Altitude: 150 m.-860m
Best Season: Throughout the Year
Temperature (deg C): Summer: Max. 43 Deg.C. Min 22.3 Deg.C. Winter: Max. 32 Deg.C. Min 14.9 Deg.C.
STD Code: 0981

Hyderabad | Warangal | Visakhapatnam | Tirupati | Vijayawada | Nagarjunakonda

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