Cervical cancer affects the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the womb. If the cancer is diagnosed at an early stage, cervical cancer is absolutely treatable. A Pap test is done to detect if a woman has cervical cancer.
The causes of cervical cancer are attributed to a type of virus called human papillomavirus or HPV. A woman can get HPV by coming into sexual contact with someone who has the same. A cervical infection may happen that may not lead to cancer eventually. But when the infection leads to genital warts, then it can possibly result in cancer.
Symptoms of cervical cancer are bleeding in between the menstrual periods, after menopause and after sex, pain in the lower pelvis, pain at the time of sex and abnormal vaginal discharge.
Cervical cancer treatment depends on the stage and type of cancer. The treatment options for cervical cancer may include a combination of therapies or a single therapy.
The different cervical cancer treatment options include surgery to remove the cancer, radiation therapy to kill implants or abnormal cells in the vaginal cavity, chemoradiation which is used for both early stage and end stage and chemotherapy that uses medicines to kill the cancerous cells.
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