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Gynaecology

Gynaecological disorders are the problems associated with the reproductive organs in females. These organs include the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tube, cervix, vagina, and vulva; some of the associated problems are vaginitis, pelvic pain, vulvodynia, dysmenorrhea, cancers, etc. Gynecological cancers are the leading causes of cancer-related deaths among females worldwide of which cervical cancer and breast cancer are most common types.
There are several top gynaecology hospitals in India which provide highest-level of care for women with gynecological disorders. The best gynaecology hospitals in India, have facilities for early detection and prevention of the gynecological disorders. Most of these hospitals conduct women health check-up programs to detect the early signs of problems with the reproductive organs. The expert gynecological surgeons in the nation are more inclined to using minimally invasive techniques (such as laparoscopy) and world-class equipment.
Gynaecology surgery in India successfully treats almost all the conditions related to the reproductive system and the cost invested is also very less. For an instance, the cost of hysterectomy in India ranged from $2,400-$3,600 while the cost for different types of hysterectomy ranged from $32,000-$43,000 in the US.

Procedures of Gynaecology

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Abdominal Hysterectomy

It is a surgical operation which involves the removal of the uterus (or even the cervix) through an incision made in the tummy. This surgery is performed to treat conditions such as uterine or cervical cancer, fibroids, abnormal vaginal bleeding, prolapsed uterus, etc.

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Laparoscopic Abdominal Hysterectomy

It is a minimally invasive surgery and is an alternative to other types of abdominal hysterectomy. It is performed in patients with stage I cervical cancer or uterine cancer, to remove the uterus or cervix by making small incisions.

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Microwave Endometrial Ablation

Microwave endometrial ablation is a minimally invasive surgery for treating menorrhagia (extremely heavy bleeding during menses). It uses a fixed frequency of microwaves to destroy the basal layer of the endometrium and the uterine glands which are richly supplied with blood.

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Vaginal Hysterectomy

During this procedure, the uterus and the cervix are removed through the vagina. The surgeon detaches the womb from the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and other supportive tissue to remove it through the vagina.

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Amazing Facts about the Reproductive System

  • The largest cell in the female body is the egg
  • At birth, a woman has between 1 to 2 million potential eggs, and by puberty has 300,000 to 400,000 viable eggs that can be fertilized
  • The average lifespan of an egg once it is released from the ovary is 12 to 24 hours, after which it either disintegrates or is flushed out of the body with the menstrual flow
  • The average life span of the sperm is 2 to 3 days
  • About 500 million sperms mature every day in a healthy male
  • The uterus can expand about 500times its size
  • Male sperm are significantly smaller than the egg. While the sperm measures 2.5 to 3.5 microns across the head, the fully mature egg is 100-125 microns in diameter.
  • The fallopian tubes are no wider than the head of a pin.
  • The male scrotum hangs outside the body since the internal body temperature is too high and will kill the sperms.
  • Once the egg is fertilized with a sperm, the outer shell becomes impenetrable to other sperms.