ENT, which stands for ear, nose and throat are the major concerns of an ENT specialist, also known as otolaryngologist. The specialist has an expertise in treating diseases related to the nose, ear, base of the skull, throat and structures of the neck and head. The study of otolaryngology is one of the oldest surgical speciality in the field of medicine conducted at the best ENT hospitals.

An otolaryngologist is known by some of the other names as well, including ear nose and throat doctor, nose doctor, throat doctor and ENT doctor. The specialized area of an ENT specialist includes treatment of the ear disorders, including both surgical and medical treatments of hearing loss, ear infections, ear noise (tinnitus), balance disorders, cranial and facial nerve disorders.

Problems in the throat are characterized by eating and communicating disorders caused by diseases inflicted on the upper aero-digestive tract and larynx (voice box). Adenoidectomy or removal of tonsils is a surgical procedure conducted by a throat doctor in this case.

Treating sinuses and issues in the nasal cavity is one of the primary skills of an ENT. Advanced endoscopic surgery for nasal disorders and sinuses are treated by an ear, nose and throat doctor.

Typically, ear surgery is done to correct impairment or hearing loss. Surgical procedures such as Tympanoplasty (correction of ear drum), Stapedectomy (elimination of bones in the middle ear), Cochlear implants are some of the ENT surgical procedures.

An ear, nose and throat doctor treats infectious diseases in the head and neck areas, and performs cosmetic surgery along with taking care of reconstructive surgery. Tracheotomy (in the tranche) and radical neck dissection are the ENT surgical procedures conducted by an otolaryngologist.

Treatment for diseases of the ear, nose and throat are conducted at all top-notch ENT hospitals across the world. Pediatric ENT specialists help treat children with disorders of the neck and head.

The cost of ENT surgeries varies from country to country, depending upon the facilities and services offered by the hospitals, location of hospital and years of experience of the ENT specialist. There are hundreds of ENT clinics and hospitals worldwide, giving you abundant choice to make a decision.

Procedures of ENT

Block dissections of the neck and endolymphatic sac

Block dissections of the neck is a surgical procedure to eliminate the lymph nodes from the neck region, in case the cancer cells have migrated to the region. Endolymphatic sac shunt surgery is conducted for treating vertigo in Meniere disease. The best ENT hospitals across the globe offer cost-effective and advanced block dissections of the neck.

Cochlear implant

Damaged inner ear is treated successfully with cochlear implants that use an electronic medical device to treat the condition. The cost of cochlear implantation varies, depending upon the extent, duration of a patient’s hearing loss and doctor’s fees.

Excision of Large Angiofibroma

Angiofibroma is defined as a benign nasal cavity tumour that mostly affects adolescent boys. Excision of large angiofibroma is a very common benign tumour that accounts for 0.5 percent of all neck and head tumours. Although, the tumour is benign, it wears out the surrounding orbit, sinus or cranial vault.

Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS)

It stands for functional endoscopic sinus surgery, which is regarded as a modern approach to surgery carried out on sinuses. FESS applies that the surgery lays emphasis on the functioning of the sinuses, which is attained through drilling holes into the sinuses and removing lining tissues.


An important surgical procedure of ENT treatment, laryngectomy procedure involves the removal of the larynx and separating airways from the nose, mouth and esophagus. The total laryngectomy cost depends on several factors, including total hospital costs, laboratory charges, respiratory therapy, room charges and pharmacy.

Mastoidectomy with Tympanoplasty

Mastoidectomy is a surgical procedure conducted to eliminate diseased mastoid air cells. Mastoidectomy and Tympanoplasty technique is used in combination to repair any defect in the tympanic membrane. Tympanoplasty indications include dizziness, mouth dryness, hearing loss and infection.

Micro Laryngeal Surgery

It is a minimally invasive procedure that is used to correct breathing difficulties, voice disorders and other problems affecting the larynx. Different problems related to the voice such as hoarseness of voice, persistent cough and others are best treated with microscopic laryngeal surgery.


It is the surgery of the ear that aims towards reconstruction, repairing and improvement of the tiny bones in the middle ear that function as hearing aid. The surgery is done to mitigate or eliminate diseases and infections caused in the middle ear. A cotton pack is put inside the ear post surgery and ear drops are given.


Also known as, ear pinning surgery, this procedure is conducted to correct the shape and size of the pinna or the external ear. The procedure is meant to correct defects and deformities of the ear, or in case of the absence of the external ear. The ear surgery cost varies from country to country, with price ranging between the US $1600 and $6000.


It is also referred to as nose plastic surgery or nose job. During rhinoplasty surgery, the surgeon creates incisions to get access to the cartilages and bones that support the nose. The exact rhinoplasty cost depends on the complexity of the procedure, the exact nature of the surgery and the clinic or the hospital where you are getting treated in.


Septoplasty surgery is done to correct any deviated septum in the nose. This means that the surgery helps to correct any displacement of cartilage or bone that divides the nostrils. Deviated septum symptoms include nose bleeding, facial pain, swelling and noiseful breathing during sleep.


Tonsillectomy surgery is conducted to remove tonsils. When the infection in tonsils causes a sore throat and swelling to a grave extent, a surgery is required. The surgery is indispensable for treating breathing problems and other issues related to enlarged tonsils. Tonsillectomy recovery period usually lasts between 10 days and two weeks.


This surgical procedure is conducted to create an opening in the neck region, directly into the trachea. A tube is inserted through the windpipe to open any restricted airways to enable breathing. Tracheostomy procedure can either be temporary or permanent and tracheostomy cost may vary from region to region.

Turbinoplasty with FESS and Septoplasty

Turbinoplasty procedure is conducted to improve the sinus and breathing drainage. Powered septoplasty with turbinoplasty helps improve breathing by straightening the septum that controls breathing. Remember, a deviated or crooked septum gets you sinus infection, which can be corrected.


This eardrum repair surgery is performed to reconstruct small bones in the middle ear or perforated tympanic membrane. Recurrent perforation, abnormal scarring in the middle ear, echo-like noises in ears and hearing loss are some of the tympanoplasty indications. Tympanoplasty types are categorized into Type I and Type II. The former includes restoration of a perforated eardrum and the latter is used for tympanic membrane perforations.