Maharashtra is widely known for densely populated wildlife compared to other states in India. Today, the state is also known internationally for its tiger reserves among the tourist destinations around the world. The recent proposal sent to Maharashtra state government by forest department has asked for sanctioning two new tiger reserves to enhance the big cat population in the state.
Melghat, Pench, Tadoba and Sahyadri national parks are the current tiger territories available with moderate big cat density. Proposal for another two reserves are expected to increase the population of the big cats in the state. Nagzira & Navegaon protected areas in Bhandara-Gondia districts and Bor sanctuary in Wardha district is the two new habitats proposed by the forest department.
There are 53 tiger reserves governed by Project Tiger and administered by National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) in the country. The efficient management by NTCA and forest department countrywide has helped boost the big cat number grown from 1411 in 2008 to 1706 by 2011 in India. In the period of past four years, the state has also contributed 65 newborns totaling to 169 calculated by the end of 2012. The state has provided dense and undisturbed habitat for expansion to big cat families.
The country provides 63, 875 square kilometer area for the entire tiger habitat across the states. Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh have seven tiger territories each, when compared to other states in India. Both the above-mentioned states contribute to 527 tigers, whereas, 272 are found in MP and 255 big cats are inhabitants of Karnataka. West Bengal’s Sunderbans Tiger Reserve has the number calculated to 256, and Uttarakhand with 134 available in Corbett Tiger Reserve. This two is the most prominent big cat resources anticipated to provide strong breeding environment to the big cats.
Similarly, Nagzira & Navegoan and Bor Sanctuary tiger reserves in Maharashtra are expected to add the numbers significantly by 2015. Maharashtra is expected to gain the first place in multiplying the population of big cats in coming years. Tigers are preserved for their scientific, economic, aesthetic, cultural and ecological values benefiting national heritage, education and enhancing enjoyment of the tourists.
Today, the state tourism industry is generating high revenue from tiger reserves. In recent years, the state has become the perfect tourist destination for honeymoon couples, adventurers, researchers and photographers. The various adventure activities and incredible moments captured in the Tadoba national park and capital of big cat habitats deliver most wonderful moments of life. Though, there are restricted places marked as core habitat of big cats in the reserve. Tourists are restricted to keep the core wild area undisturbed for wild cats’ breeding.
Maharashtra has also become the second largest wildlife provider of magnificent forests, rarely found species, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, big cat territories, which comprises of vegetation, herbs and incredible natural shrubs of India.
Hence, with the two new upcoming tiger reserves in Maharashtra, the state government is expected to witness the increase in number of tigers and revenue in coming years.