It is commonly known that animals prey upon each other for food, for how else would they procure it? However, something strange is happening in Jim Corbett National Park. A recent study conducted by the Tiger Reserve Authorities has revealed that tigers, elephants and leopards have been killing each other at an alarming rate. To analyse this unusual development in the national park, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has demanded a report from the Chief Wildlife Warden of Uttarakhand.
The study conducted by the Corbett Tiger Reserve authorities states that a total of 36 wild animals have been killed over a duration of five and a half years (specifically, the time period between 1st January, 2014 to 31st May, 2019). They have reached the conclusion that the majority of these deaths have been caused by fights between animals. The study has mentioned the deaths of 21 elephants, 9 tigers and 6 leopards.
Determining the cause of deaths:
According to the study, a total of 21 elephant deaths have occurred so far at Jim Corbett National Park. Out of these, it is estimated that 13 (or 60%) have been caused by tiger attacks, with their victims being mostly young elephants. The study suggests that hunting an elephant requires less energy than hunting a sambar or cheetal. To hunt the animals latterly mentioned, the tiger needs to cover a greater distance. There is another advantage associated with hunting an elephant, as it provides a large quantity of food. In fact, the study also goes on to say that tigers were found eating the body parts of elephants where they had died due to infighting. Some other elephants, according to the study, were killed while fighting over mating.
A total of 9 tiger deaths have been recorded so far in Jim Corbett National Park. Most of these deaths have been attributed to infighting over territorial disputes. The remaining tigers are believed to have met their death due to fights with porcupines and wild boars.
A total of 6 leopards deaths have been recorded so far in the park. The study says that 4 of these were due to attacks by other animals while the remaining 32 died due to infighting. It is strongly believed that the 4 dead leopards were killed by tigers. What caused the deaths of the remaining two leopards is still to be known.
What needs to be done?
The question which faces the wildlife officials, and which we should be asking is, can infighting in zoos be avoided? Is there any way to bring down the death counts due to fighting between animals? Infighting can be caused for any number of reasons, one of them being space crunch. Whatever the problem, or problems, the matter needs to be looked into at the earliest so as to reduce such kinds of incidents in the future.
About Jim Corbett National Park
Jim Corbett National Park is one of the most famous national parks in India. It was named after the famous naturalist and photographer, Jim Corbett, in 1957. Located in the foothills of the Himalayas, it is famous for its landscape, which is marked by lush greenery and uneven mountains whose heights vary in altitude. The main attraction of the park is the majestic Royal Bengal Tiger. Apart from that, there are 25 species of reptiles, 585 kinds of birds and more than 50 varieties of mammal species. Various kinds of deer species can also be spotted, with some of them being spotted deer, barking deer, chinkara and sambar. The best time for planning a visit to Corbett National Park is during the winter season, or from the months of November to February. Safaris are best enjoyed during the afternoon in this season. Most of the tourists prefer visiting Jim Corbett during the summer season, or from the months of March to May. The weather is perfect for spotting wildlife and enjoying wildlife safaris.