Recently, the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) said that the movement of big cats outside the reserve is increasing day by day and till now over 30%-40% of tiger population has moved outside the protected area in India. This has lead to an increase in man-animal conflict. The number of tigers found in the reserve in the year 2014 is 2,226 tigers in 92,000 sq km as compared to 81,000 sq km in 2010, added the officials.
As reported in Maharashtra, 74 of the 170 tigers have moved out of the protected areas in the new regions around the Tadoba and Pench reserves. Wildlife Institute of India, further told that the connectivity between wildlife corridors is disturbed by continuous infrastructure development, plantations, and industrialization. All these are together hindering the wildlife of these reserves.
The situation is more or less the same in Karnataka, where around 38% of the 406 tigers have already moved to the fringe and buffer zones of protected areas. Five incidents have been reported recently in Nagarhole tiger reserve, where tigers attacked cattle in nearby villages. Soon after, the authority relocated the villages to improve the condition of tigers in these areas.
WII also added that the unprotected areas where the Tigers have been spotted are Tadoba and Bor in Maharashtra, Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand, Ranthambore in Rajasthan, and Bandhavgarh in Madhya Pradesh. The population of tigers is relatively more outside the core area of Corbett National Park, which had led to many tiger killings by poachers. Officials added that the State Government has installed CCTV cameras around the fringe areas to monitor the movement of tigers in and around the core area.
“We have asked the revival of green corridors to make the movement of tigers easy,” said Ullas K Karanth of the Wildlife Conservation Society.
Source: Hindustan Times