Facts And Figures
area : 342,239 sq. km.
Population : 44 million
Capital : Jaipur
Per Capita Income : Rs 9,119
Inflation Rate : 11.5%
Languages: Rajasthani, Hindi,marwari
Best Time To Visit : October to March
is diagonally divided into the hilly and rugged southeastern region
and the barren Thar Desert, which extends across the border into
Pakistan. Within these divisions however, it is a storehouse of
varied physical feature or topographical diversity. The arid Thar
also boasts of Mount
Abu the only hill station in the state famous for
its flora and fauna. While the Aravali hills provide the much-needed
relief to this arid land, the wide spread sand dunes of the desert
and arid region make it one of the toughest terrains in the world.
(the second biggest city of the state) is the edge of the dry
and shifting desert land from where on the not so arid but cultivable
land starts. Moreover, the rocky range of Amber, hilly range of
Mewar, river basin of Bharatpur and fertile Aravali range gives
the topography of the state a unique look.
the challenges that the desert environment offers, people have
settled all over the Thar and have innovated in their own small
ways to make the arid sands habitable. There are agricultural
and pastoral settlements; villages that have become pilgrimage
centres; there are settlements along the river bank or wherever
water is to be found, fortified shelters offer sanctuary , while
jobs are to be found in mining towns and at seasonal fairs or
melas. The central place is occupied by either a village well
or a temple as in the case of the village Mukam where all social
and cultural life revolves around the temple of Jambheswarji founded
in 1593 on the samadhi (grave) of the saint. Water is, of course,
the deciding factor in their location, except in the case of villages
like Goriya which are situated on the Aravalli tract where water
most colourful villages in the Thar are to be found on the Shekhawati
tract. These have well-built houses, more often then not with
painted walls and beautiful decorations and wall paintings. If
the villages of the Thar are dotted with jhonpas, the cities feature
a variety of architectural forms and structures. They depict either
varying forms of adjustment with the inclement weather or intense
love and pride for architectural richness apd extravagance. Some
of the towns show excellent town-planning and settlement development.
Although habitations are designed keeping in mind the climate,
they are also products of the political and cultural history of
Some self - sufficient rural villages persist even today and a
compact settlement with its tank or well and a struggling bunch
of acacias, tamarix and zizyphus in the midst of yellowish sand
is still the dominant feature of the landscape. Just as water
is the raison d' etre for the location of villages, truly urban
centres and cities are often associated with a fort perched on
a hill, a palace surrounded by a haphazard collection of houses
and enclosed by a city wall, the market occupying the central
position on the roads joining the opposite gates.
In olden days, the profession of the people decided their
caste. This system has now been broken. Today, individuals have
the freedom to opt for any profession irrespective of caste. The
profession based caste system has now been transformed into birth-based
caste system. People of various castes and sub-castes reside in
The Rajasthanis are sturdy, cheerful and simple folks relatively
untouched by the fast pace of modern times making Rajasthan one
of the safest destinations anywhere in the world.
It is also one of the most colourful. To offset the barren,
colourless landscape and the monotony of its cloudless sky, the
people of Rajasthan show a distinct preference for bright costumes.
From the simple village folk or tribal to the rajas and ranis,
the preferred colours are bright red, dazzling yellow, lively
green or brilliant orange, highlighted by a lavish use of sparkling
gold and silver zari or gota.
and nomadic women are known for their love for silver jewellery
(although men too sport ear studs and earrings). The ornaments
follow age-old designs typical of a particular tribe. In daily
use the ladies wear normal ornaments of neck, hand, nose and ear
but on special occasions and social functions. Women wear all
the ornaments of different parts of the body to look beautiful
and attractive. For its exquisite designs and delicacy of art
Rajasthan Jewelry is a rage not only for ladies of India but also
for women of foreign countries.
In India, the turban is popularly known as a pagdi. There
are different variations of the turban, depending on the religion
and region. In fact, in Rajasthan, it is said that the turban
style changes with every 15km you travel. And Rajput turbans are
different from Sikh turbans, which are in turn different from
the classical Arab turbans. Then, there are the royal turbans
from different parts of India, and the rural turban which is often
just a towel wound round the head. India is a land of diversities.
And it is all the more pronounced in Rajasthan. An old
local saying sums it up -
"The dialect, cuisine, water and turbans in Rajasthan
change every 12 miles."
In fact there are about 1,000 different styles and types of turbans
in Rajasthan, each denoting the class, caste and region of the
wearer.Turbans come in all shapes, sizes and colours; and there
are specific turbans for specific occasions as well.
lineage of beautiful women
Rajasthani women have been renowned for their grace and beauty.
Alauddin Khilji, the Sultan of Delhi, was so smitten by the beauty
of the legendary Maharani Padmini Devi of Chittaurgarh that he
waged a war -in vain - for her hand. In her heydays, the present
day Rajmata of Jaipur, Maharani Gayatri Devi, was considered by
Vogue to be amongst the Ten Most Beautiful Women in the World.
And her charm hasn't diminished one bit till today!
- the Jews of India
The term Marwari literally refers to someone who hails from
or is an inhabitant of Marwar - the erstwhile Jodhpur state. This
term gained currency initially in Bengal, where the traders from
Shekhawati and other parts of Rajasthan established their
business empires. Distinct in their dress, customs and language,
the traders and merchants of Rajasthan came to be known
as Marwaris. Rajasthan's greatest contribution to the country's
economy has been in the field of Human Resources. The term Marwari
is a misnomer. Literally speaking, it signifies a person from
the Marwar(Jodhpur) region of Rajasthan, although the majority
of Rajasthan's businessmen are from the Shekhavati belt.
However, colloquially it has come to denote emigrant businessmen
from the vicinity of Rajasthan.
traders par excellence, they migrated from their home state way
back in the 16th century and established trading outposts as far
away as Assam - the eastern corner of India. With their ingrained
thrift and perseverance (in those days, people had to walk miles
and miles over scorching sands for a pot of water!) and business
acumen, they soon converted these small businesses into industrial
empires. Today, the marwaris dominate India's business and economy.
As an American sociologist put it, "more than half the assets
in the modern sector of the Indian economy are controlled
by the trading castes originating in the northern half of Rajasthan."
Alwar | Bikaner
| Bharatpur | Bundi | Chittorgarh
| Jaipur | Jaisalmer
| Jodhpur | Kota
| Mount Abu | Pushkar
Ranakpur | Shakhawati