is a land of fragrance - fragrance of enchanting perfume of sandal
and agarbathis, the aroma of fresh roasted coffee beans, the head
fragrance of the Mysore Mallige and thousands of roses blossoming.
Ancient sculptured temples, magnificent palaces, ornate buildings
and colourful festivals blend beautifully with the evergreen forests,
golden beaches, orange groves and garden cities to form this exquisite
1,91,791 Sq. km.
Boundaries East- Andhra Pradesh West - Goa and the Arabian Sea,
South - Kerala and Karnataka, North - Maharashtra
Airports Bangolare, Mangalore, Hubli and Belgaum.
Population 44,850,000 aprrox.
Literacy Ratio 56%
No. of Districts 20
Minerals: Iron Ore, Copper, Manganese, China clay, Limestone, Chromite,
Major Cities: Bangalore, Mangalore, Mysore, Hubli, Belgaum
Crops: Rice, Maize, Raji, Bajra, Jowar, Cardomom, Apricot, Coconut,
Cotton, Groundnut, Chillies, Sugar-cane, Tobacco, Castor seeds,
Roads: Karnataka had 1,37,520 km (1996-97) of motorable roads including
1,997 km of national highways. The surfaced road length with 87,000
km constituted 65% of the total road length.
The name Karnataka is derived from Karunadu, literally
lofty land. The history of Karnataka dates back
to the period of epics. The capital of Bali and Sugreeva, 'Monkey
Kings' of the Ramayana is said to have been Hampi in the Bellary
district. In the 4'th century BC, a local dynasty Satavahana came
to power and his dynasty's rule lasted nearly 300 years. With the
disintegration of the Satavahana dynasty, the Kadambas came to power
in the north, and the Gangas in the south of the state. The gigantic
monolithic statue of Gomateswara is considered to be the monument
of the Ganga period. The Chalukyas of Badami (500 to 735 AD) ruled
over a wider area, from the Narmada to the Kaveri from the days
of Pulikeshi II (609 to 642 AD) who had even defeated Harshvardhana
of Kannauj. This dynasty created fine monuments at Badami, Aihole
and Pattadakal, both structural and rock-cut. Aihole has been one
of the cradles of temple architecture in the country. The Rastrakatas
(753-973 AD) of Malkhed who succeeded them levied tribute on the
rulers of Kannauj successively in the so-called Age of 'Imperial
Kannauj'. Kannada literature developed in this period. Outstanding
Jain scholars of India lived in their court. The Chalukyas of Kalyana
(973 to 1183 AD) and their feudatories, the Hoysalas of Halebidu
built fine temples, encouraged literature and fine arts. Noted jurist
Vijnaneshwara (work-Mitakshara) lived at Kalyana. The great religious
leader Basaveshwara was a minister at Kalyana. Vijaynagar empire
(1136 to 1646 AD) fostered indigenous traditions and encouraged
arts religion and literature in Sanskrit, Kannada, Telugu and Tamil.
Overseas trade flourished. The Bahamani Sultans (Capital-Gulbarga,
later Bidar and Bijapur) Adilshahis raised fine Indo-Saranic buildings
and encouraged Urdu and Persian literature. Advent of the Portuguese
resulted in the introduction of new crops (tobacco, chillies, potato
etc.). After the fall of Peshwa (1818 AD) and Tipu (1799 AD) Karnataka
came under the British.
After independence, the new united Mysore State was created in 1956
and was renamed Karnataka in 1973 AD.
: Government Museums - Cubbon Park, Karnataka
Government Museum and Venkatappa Art Gallery, Visvesvarya Industrial
and Techonological Museum
Bijapur : Archaeological Museum
Halebid : Archaeological Museum
Hampi : Archaeological Museum
Srirangapatanam : Tipu Sultan Museum
Mysore : Sri Chamarajendra Art Gallery - Jagan Mohan Palace,
Museum of Art and Archaeology - University of Mysore, Folklore Museums
- University of Mysore.
(1434 m) Railhead - Terikere 38 km
Madikere (1170 m) Railhead - Mysore 120km
Nandi Hills (1479 m) Railhead - Bangalore 60 km
: Ibrahim Rauza, tomb of Ibrahim Adil Shahi.
Dharmasthala : Temple of Manjunatha (Shiva), Gomateshwara
statue and Jain centre.
Gokarna : There is a Shiva temple with Atmalinga worshipped
Mysore : Chamundeswari temple on the top of Chamundi hill.
Pattadakal : Sangameswara temple.
Shivanga : Temple dedicated to Gangadhara and Honna Devi.
Soundatti : Temple of Renuka or Yellamma.
Sringeri : Spot on the banks of Tunga river where Adi Shankaracharya
established the first math.
Talakaveri : Source of Kaveri river.
Udipi : Krishna Temple and seat of the eight mathas founded
Whitefield : Satya Sai Baba Ashram.