( Bijapur )
a medieval Muslim walled city, 530 km north-west of Bangalore, is
characterised by domes and minarets. Its founder called it Vijayapura
or Bijapur, the city of victory. Bijapur capital of the Adil Shahi
kings, experienced a great deal of architectural activity under
the Adil Shahi dynasty between 10th and 11th centuries. The Adil
Shahis encouraged building activities to such an extent that Bijapur
itself has over 50 mosques, more than 20 tombs and a number of palaces.
It Contains the mausoleum tomb of the Mahammed Adil Shahi (1626-56
AD), the seventh ruler of dynasty, and is the fourth largest dome
in the world. This has the floor area of 1700 sq.m, a height of
51 m. and diameter 37 m. The walls are three meter thick. The interior
of the dome, mysteriously unsupported, has a whispering gallery,
where the sound returns to the listener nine times. Even the tick
of the watch of the rustle of paper can be heard across a distance
of 37m in the whispering gallery.
It was probably the inspiration for Agra's Taj Mahal. It is
a delicately designed structure.
An enormous cannon, 14 feet-long and weighing 55 ton, it is
one of the largest bell metal guns in the world. A unique feature
is that it is always cool, even under blazing sun and when tapped
gently it tinkles softy like a bell. It was cast in 1549 AD by Mohammed
Bin Hasan Rumi, a Turkish officer. It was brought to Bijapur as
a trophy of war and was set up here with the help of 100 elephants,
400 oxen and hundreds of men.
1 Km, this finely wrought gateway to the mosque is an excellent
example of the Indo-Saracenic style of architecture. It is embellished
by a profusion of carvings in the form of brackets supporting the
balconies & stone trellis work in Hindu Style.
5 Km, this unfinished mausoleum of Ali Adil Shah, if completed,
might have surpassed all others of its kind. Its 12 graceful arches
which give it the name Bara Kaman, makes one feel the power of time
Built between 1557 and 1686, it is still used for worship.
It is believed to be one of the first mosques in India and holds
an exquisite copy of the Koran written in gold letters.
1 Km, the great tank commemorates Ibrahim II 's first wife
Taj Sultana. Its front is a majestic arch flanked by 2 octagonal
towers, the east & west wings of the towers form spacious rest
Constructed by Mahammed Adil Shahi in 1646 to serve as a hall
for justice. The Mahal contains some relics of prophet Mahammed.
Royal Palace constructed by Ali Adil Shahi in 1561. There are
three magnificent arches, the central one being the widest. The
ground floor was the Durbar Hall and the first floor is the private
residence of the royal family.
& Art Gallery
There is a museum maintained by the Archaeological Survey of
India in front of the Gol Gumbaz. It contains stone sculptures,
inscriptions, manuscripts, arms & weapons, chinaware, wood carvings
Gol Gumbaz Garden, Jhansi Lakshmi Bai Park, Netaji Park.
Famous as the 'Cradle of Indian Temple Architecture', Aihole
has over 125 temples all intricately carved and rich in detail.
The oldest temple here, is perhaps the 5th century Lad Khan Temple.
The Durga (fort) Temple has a semicircular apse and a complete portico.
The Hutchmalli Temple, the Ravalphadi Cave Temple, the Konti Temple
Complex, the Uma Maheshwari Temple, the Jain Meguthi Temple and
the two-storeyed Buddhist temple are the other attractions at Aihole.
A World Heritage centre, it has 10 major temples representing
early Chalukyan architecture. The biggest temple dedicated to Virupaksh
The nearest airport is Hyderabad (375 Kms) which is connected
to all major cities of India. In Karnataka, Bangalore is the Airport,
which we recommend.
Bijapur is connected by Rail with Bangalore , Mumbai (via Sholapur),
Hospet (via Gadag) and Vasco da Gama (via Hubli and Londa).
Bijapur has convenient road connection to several important places
around it, some of these are