: 614 sq km
Altitude : 152 - 183 meters
Languages : Hindi and English
Best Time to Visit : Mid November to Mid June
The Dudhwa Tiger Reserve in the Lakhimpur-Kheri
district of Uttar Pradesh is one of the finest examples
of the exceedingly diverse and productive Terai eco-systems.
The reserve has an area of 614 sq km. The northern edge
of the reserve lies along the Indo-Nepal border while
the southern boundary is marked by the river Suheli.
It is home to a large number of rare and endangered
species, which include tiger, leopard, swamp deer, hispid
hare, Bengal floricans, etc.
Like the rest of north India, Dudhwa also has an
extreme type of climate. Summers are hot with the temperature
rising up to 40°C. During winters, the temperature
hovers between 20°C and 30°C. The average annual
rainfall is 1,600 mm.
The grasslands of the reserve are the habitat of
the largest kind of Indian deer-the swamp deer or the
Barasingha, called thus because of their magnificent
antlers (bara-twelve; singha-antler). Decline in their
habitats led to a drastic decline in numbers and a small
area named Sonaripur Sanctuary was set aside in 1958
for the conservation of this rare species of deer. Later,
it was upgraded to cover an area of 212 sq km and was
renamed the Dudhwa Sanctuary. In 1977, the area was
further extended to include over 614 sq km and was declared
a national park. Eleven years later, in 1988, when Dudhwa
became a part of Project Tiger, the area of the Kishanpur
Sanctuary was added to create the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve.
About 1,800 Barasingha live in the reserve now and their
majestic herds are often seen, especially in the grassy
wetlands of the Sathania and Kakraha blocks.
from the swamp deer, there are at least 37 species of
mammals, 16 species of reptiles and 400 species of avifauna.
Dudhwa is said to have 101 tigers and four leopards.
Recently, the hispid hare has also been sighted from
was here in 1984 that a major rhinoceros rehabilitation
project was started since these forests had been the
habitat of the rhinoceros 150 years ago. Five rhinos
were relocated from Assam but two of the females died
due to the strains of transportation. These were replaced
in 1985 by four more females from Nepal.
Terai area in the sub Himalayan belt, which holds an
extremely dynamic habitat for a wide range of animal
communities, has some uniqueness and serves the humanity
in the plains, down south, in many ways.
major vegetation types in this region are tropical semi-evergreen
forest, tropical moist deciduous forest, riparian and
swamp forest and dry deciduous forest. The dominant
tree species are Shorea robusta, Terminalis tomentosa,
Adina cordifolia, Terminalia belerica, Eugenia jambolana,
Dalbergia sissoo, and Bombax malabaricum. The various
types of forests throughout the park are interrupted
by wide stretches of mesophyllous grasslands locally
called the phantas.
En route to Dudhwa, the unique Frog Temple at Oyal
can also be visited. The only one of its kind in India,
it was built by the former Maharajas of the Oyal state
in the district of Lakhimpur-Kheri. Dedicated to Lord
Shiva, the base of the stone temple is built in the
shape of a large frog. The temple is at a distance of
10 km from Hargaon on the route to Lakhimpur-Kheri and
in the Indo-Saracenic style by the rulers of the Singhai
state, Surat Bhawan Palace is one of the famous palaces
of the Terai area. Not far from the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve
on the Lakhimpur-Nighasan-Dudhwa route, the palace is
set in a large green, nine-acre retreat. Expanses of
lush lawns, fountains, a swimming pool and interesting
architectural details make a visit to the palace worthwhile.
Air: The nearest airport is Lucknow, connected to
many places in India including Delhi and Mumbai by regular
Rail: The nearest railway stations are Dudhwa 4
km, Palia 10 km, and Mailani 37 km. Dudhwa, on North-Eastern
Railway meter gauge section is connected via Mailani
to Lucknow & Nainital.
Road: UPSRTC and private bus services link Palia
to Lakhimpur Kheri, Shahjahanpur, Bareilly, and Delhi
etc. Buses ply frequently between Palia and Dudhwa.
road distances are Lucknow - 238 km, Bareilly - 260
km, Delhi - 430 km, Palia - 5 km.
Coaches and jeeps can be hired from the national
park office at Dudhwa for traveling inside the park.
Elephants are available for wildlife viewing at Dudhwa
The Forest Department provides for accommodation
inside the Park at its various centres. Forest Rest
Houses, Swiss Cottage Tents, and Tharu Huts are available
at Dudhwa, Sathiana, Bankatti, Sonaripur, and Kila.
TO THE OUTSIDE WORLD
Palia is the nearest place where Post and Telegraph
offices are situated. STD/ISD facilities are also available
here. Internet facilities are not available in the vicinity
of the reserve.
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