Area : 38.10 sq km
Languages : Rajasthani, Hindi, English
Best time to visit : November to February
STD Code : 0151
This desert city of Rajasthan (India's north-western
province) is an eye-catching site of well-fed camels
and citadels. Being near to Delhi, it had to withstand
the worst of Mughal invasions during earlier times.
The exotic camel safaris, its gorgeous forts and the
worship of thousands of holy rats at Mata Kali temple
are some of the most interesting aspects of Bikaner.
The camel festival held in the month of January is also
an event worth witnessing if one wants to get the actual
color of the place.
Bikaner is situated in the north of Rajasthan. The
city, just like Jodhpur, is surrounded by great walls.
It has Ganganagar and Hanumannagar in its northern side
whereas Churu lies in its eastern side. Nagaur, Jodhpur
and Jaisalmer are in its south while in the western
part it has the neighboring country Pakistan. It is
situated on a slightly higher place (altitude 237 meters)
and has an arid climate most of the year. Due to the
geographic location of the city, it was one of the most
important trade centers for the traders of west-central
Just like the history of the entire state, Bikaner
also has its own glorious past to talk about. It has
examples of courage, motivation and happiness. It was
in 1488 that a Rathore Prince, Rao Bikaji (a descendant
of the founder of Jodhpur, Rao Jodhaji), established
his kingdom here. It has faced many foreign intrusions
and fought a number of wars with the Mughals and the
Junagarh fort was built by a Mughal army general,
Raja Rai Singh, in 1593. The courtyard of the fort along
with the balcony, kiosks and windows are perfect examples
of the artisanship of that time. The beautiful cutworks
and dots on the red stones and the marbles are fascinating.
The various parts of the palace-the Dewan-iI-khas, the
Phool Mahal, Hawa Mahal, Badal Mahal and Anup Mahal-reflect
the glorious architecture of Bikaner.
Palace, built by Maharaja Ganaga Singh in memory of
his father, is situated 3 km north of Bikaner city.
The Rajasthan Tourism Development Corporation as part
of their tourism promotion program has converted some
portions of the palace to tourist hotels. Other parts
of the palace have been converted into a museum named
as the Sadul Museum to preserve the glory of the yesteryears
of Rajasthan in general and Bikaner in particular.
Golden Jubilee Museum is one of the best museums of
Rajasthan with some fabulous collection of antiques
Bhandasar Jain Temple, dedicated to the 23rd Jain tirthankara,
is also a place worth visiting.
Camel Research Farm carries out breeding and training
of camels-the only fighting force and medium of transportation
in the past.
The temple of Mata Karni and Goddess Durga is a
must-visit place to experience the rare sight of rats
being worshiped in thousands of numbers.
Gajanir Palace and the wildlife sanctuary, 32 km from
the main city, is also a place worth visiting. A large
number of wild species are available like the nilgai,
wild boar, chinkara, etc. This place was the summer
resort of the former kings.
Bari Temple, just 6 km away from the main city, is a
well-curved and neatly worked out temple. It has a bronze
Nandi statue and a Shiva lingam.
is an archeological site containing remains of the pre-Harappan
and Harappan civilizations. This is a much-recommended
site for historians and others who want to gain an insight
of India's rich heritage.
these, there are several places of pilgrimage like Kolayatji,
Devikund, etc., which are famous among the people of
HUES AND COLORS
To know the local hues and colors of Bikaner, one
has to witness the local fairs and festivals.
Camel Festival, held in the month of January, is the
most exciting festival. Competitions related to camels
like camel races, milking, dancing, etc., make this
festival even more interesting.
Festival is the holy festival when the people take a
dip in the holy water of the Kolayat Lake. It normally
takes place on the full-moon night of the Hindu month
Festival, dedicated to Goddess Parvati, is an 18-day
long spring festival celebrated during the month of
The typical Rajasthani products like metal ware,
blue pottery, Rajasthani paintings, puppetry, embroidered
fabrics, block-printed fabrics, etc., are easily available
in the local markets of Bikaner.
Bikaner is well connected to the nearby towns and
cities of importance.
is the nearest airport. The airport is easily accessible
has number of train links to connect it with the major
cities of India. It is also linked with the big and
small cities of India by the national highways and other
Bikaner has a number of hotels and lodges to accommodate
its guests. The price range varies noticeably to meet
the demand for various levels of tourists.
Besides the lodging facilities, there are numbers
of eateries and restaurants serving various delicacies.
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